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America de Sud

geografie










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America de Sud

Cunoscuta si sub denumirile de Amérique du Sud sau Südamerika, America de Sud (South America) are o suprafata de 17.820.950 km2 (6.880.706 mile2), fiind al patrulea continent, desi are mai putin de 12% din populatia lumii.



        Dupa suprafata, tarile s 333q166d e claseaza astfel: Brazilia, Argentina, Peru, Columbia, Bolivia, Venezuela, Chile, Paraguay, Ecuador, Guayana, Uruguay, Suriname, Guyana Franceza.

        Dupa populatie, tarile s 333q166d e împart : Brazilia, Columbia, Argentina, Peru, Venezuela, Chile, Ecuador, Bolivia, Paraguay, Uruguay, Guayana, Suriname, Guayana Franceza.

Argentina

Forma de stat:                                                       Republica federala

Capitala:                                                                       Buenos Aires

Aria :                                                                           2.780.400 km2

                                                                                  1.073.518 mile2

Orasele foarte populate:                          Buenos Aires     2.965.403

                                                                Cordoba             1.157.507     

                                                                Rosario               1.157.372              

                                                                San Justo               949.566

                                                                La Plata                 676.128

Populatia :                                                                 36.265.463 loc.

Densitatea populatiei :                                                      13 loc/km2

                                                                                        34 loc/mila2

Limba oficiala:                                                                      spaniola

Moneda nationala :                      1 peso argentinian = 100 centavos

  

Bolivia

Forma de stat :                                                                   Republica

Capitala :                                                                                   Sacre

La Paz (sediul guvernului)

Aria :                                                                           1.098.581 km2

                                                                                     424.164 mile2

Orasele foarte populate:                          La Paz                   784.976

                                                                Santa Cruz             767.260

                                                                Cochabamba          448.756

                                                                El Alto                   446.189

                                                                Oruro                     201.831

Populatia:                                                                   7.826.352  loc.

Densitatea populatiei:                                                      7,1 loc/km2

18 loc/mila2

Limba oficiala:                                   spaniola, checiuana, aimarana

Moneda nationala:                            1 peso bolivian = 100 centavos 

Brazilia

Forma de stat:                                                       Republica federala

Capitala:                                                                                 Brasília

Aria :                                                                           8.547.404 km2

                                                                                  3.300.171 mile2

Orasele foarte populate:                          Säo Paolo           9.839.436

                                                                Rio de Janeiro    5.551.539

                                                        Salvador             2.211.539             

                                                                Belo Horizonte  2.091.448

                                                                Fortaleza            1.965.513

Populatia :                                                               169.806.557 loc.

Densitatea populatiei :                                                      20 loc/km2

                                                                                        51 loc/mila2

Limba oficiala:                                                                 portugheza

Moneda nationala :                                         1 real  = 100 centavos

Chile

Forma de stat:                                                                    Republica

Capitala:                                                                               Santiago

Aria :                                                                              756.626 km2

                                                                                     292.135 mile2



Orasele foarte populate:                          Santiago             4.703.954

                                                                Puente Alto           386.236

                                                                Conceptión            372.252             

                                                                Viña del Mar         335.512                                         

                                                                Valparaisó            293.800                                                 

Populatia :                                                                 14.787.781 loc.

Densitatea populatiei :                                                      20 loc/km2

                                                                                        51 loc/mila2

Limba oficiala:                                                                      spaniola

Moneda nationala :                             1 peso chilian = 100 centavos

Columbia

Forma de stat:                                                                    Republica

Capitala:                                                              Santa Fe de Bogotá

Aria :                                                                           1.141.748 km2

                                                                                     440.831 mile2

Orasele foarte populate:                          Bogotá                6.004.782

                                                                Cali                     1.985.906

                                                                Medellín             1.970.691                         

                                                                Barranquilla        1.157.826

                                                                Cartagena              812.595

Populatia :                                                                 38.580.949 loc.

Densitatea populatiei :                                                      34 loc/km2

                                                                                        88 loc/mila2

Limba oficiala:                                                                      spaniola

Moneda nationala :                       1 peso columbian = 100 centavos

  

Ecuador

Forma de stat:                                                                    Republica

Capitala:                                                                                    Quito

Aria :                                                                              272.045 km2

                                                                                     105.037 mile2

Orasele foarte populate:                          Guayaquil          1.877.031

                                                         Quito                  1.401.389

                                                                Cuenca                  239.896                                                                                                                                                                        

                                                                Machala                184.588

                                                                Santo Domingo     165.090

                                               de los Colorados

Populatia :                                                                 12.336.572 loc.

Densitatea populatiei :                                                      45 loc/km2

                                                                                      117 loc/mila2

Limba oficiala:                                                                      spaniola

Moneda nationala :                                       1 sucra  = 100 centavos

Guayana

Forma de stat:                                                                    Republica

Capitala:                                                                         Georgetown

Aria :                                                                              214.969 km2

                                                                                       83.000 mile2

Orasele foarte populate:                          Georgetown          190.000

                                                                Linden                     29.000

                                                                New Amsterdam     23.000       

                                                                Corriverton              17.000




Populatia :                                                                      707.954 loc.

Densitatea populatiei :                                                     3,3 loc/km2

                                                                                       8,5 loc/mila2

Limba oficiala :                                                                      engleza

Moneda nationala :                                1 dolar guyanez = 100 centi

Guyana Franceza

Forma de stat:                               Posesiune franceza (departament)                

Capitala:                                                                               Cayenne

Aria :                                                                                83.534 km2

                                                                                       32.253 mile2

Orasele foarte populate:                          Cayenne                  25.000

                                                                Saint Laurent            2.500

                                          du Maroni    

                                                                Sinnamary                  1500                                                                       

                                                               Qyapock                     1200                                                         Populatia :                                                                        55.000 loc.

Densitatea populatiei :                                                     0,6 loc/km2

Limba oficiala:                                                                     franceza

Moneda nationala :                                                     1 franc francez

Paraguay

Forma de stat:                                                                    Republica

Capitala:                                                                              Asunción

Aria :                                                                              406.752 km2

                                                                                    157.048 mile2

Orasele foarte populate:                          Asunción               437.000

                                                                Ciudad del Este     133.893            

                            Encarnación            58.261

                                                                Concepción             35.276

Populatia :                                                                   5.291.020 loc.

Densitatea populatiei :                                                      13 loc/km2

                                                                                        34 loc/mila2

Limba oficiala:                                                       spaniola, guarana

Moneda nationala :                                       1 guaran = 100 céntime

Peru

Forma de stat:                                                                    Republica

Capitala:                                                                                    Lima

Aria :                                                                           1.280.000 km2

                                                                                     494.210 mile2

Orasele foarte populate:                          Lima                   5.759.676   

                                                                Arequipa                680.600

                                                        Callao                    637.755

                                                                Trujillo                  556.800                                                                                     Chiclayo                457.800



Populatia :                                                                 26.111.110 loc.

Densitatea populatiei :                                                      20 loc/km2

                                                                                        53 loc/mila2

Limba oficiala:                                  spaniola, checiuana, aymarana

Moneda nationala :                                             1 sol = 100 céntime

Suriname

Forma de stat:                                            Posesiune olandeza (stat)

Capitala:                                                                           Paramaribo

Aria :                                                                              163.265 km2

                                                                                       63.037 mile2

Orasele foarte populate:                          Paramaribo            180.000 Populatia :                                     427.980 loc.(cu populatia tribala)

Densitatea populatiei :                                                     2,6 loc/km2

                                                                                       6,8 loc/mila2

Limba oficiala:                                                                     olandeza

Moneda nationala :                            1 florin surinamez = 100 centi

 

Uruguay

Forma de stat:                                                                    Republica

Capitala:                                                                          Montevideo

Aria :                                                                              176.215 km2

                                                                                       68.037 mile2

Orasele foarte populate:                          Montevideo        1.378.707

                                                                Salto                      117.597

          Paysandú                 76.191            

                                                                Las Piedras              58.288

                                                                Rivera                      57.316

Populatia :                                                                   3.284.841 loc.

Densitatea populatiei :                                                      19 loc/km2

                                                                                        48 loc/mila2

Limba oficiala:                                                                      spaniola

Moneda nationala :                     1 peso uruguayan = 100 centésime

Venezuela

Forma de stat:                                                                    Republica

Capitala:                                                                                Caracas

Aria :                                                                              912.050 km2

                                                                                     352.144 mile2

Orasele foarte populate:                          Caracas              1.964.846

                                                                Maracaibo          1.207.513        

                                                              Valencia             1.034.033

                                                                Barquisimento      602.622

                                                                Ciudad Guayana   523.578

Populatia :                                                                 22.803.409 loc.

Densitatea populatiei :                                                      25 loc/km2

                                                                                        65 loc/mila2

Limba oficiala:                                                                      spaniola

Moneda nationala :                                      1 bolivar = 100 centime













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