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Future Tense Simple










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Verb Tenses
Auxiliary Modal verbs
Exercises
Would
Exercitii cu Past Tense Simple si Continuous
AMERICAN LANGUAGE COURSE PLACEMENT TEST
GRAMMAR: PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS
Exercitii cu Present Simple si Present Continuous
Verbs
CONTENTS of Structure Drills


Future Tense Simple

    Se formeaza cu shall sau will la persoana I, will la persoana II si III, la care se adauga infinitivul verbului de conjugat.

Afirmativ

I (shall) will go We (shall) will go
You will go You will go
He/she/it will go They will go

Negativ

I (shall) will not go We (shall) will not go
You will not go You will not go
He/she/it will not go They will not go

    Forma scurta pentru "shall not" este shan't, iar pentru "will not" este won't.

Interogativ

Shall I go? Shall we go?
Will you go? Will you go?
Will he/she/it/ go? Will they go?

    Trebuie remarcat faptul ca la interogativ persoana I, se foloseste numai "shall".
    Acest timp arata o actiune viitoare obisnuita. Se traduce cu viitorul din limba româna.
    Ex. I (shall) will meet him next week.
    (Il voi intâlni saptamâna viitoare.)

Future Continuous

    Se formeaza cu viitorul simplu al verbului "to be", la care se adauga forma -ing a verbului de conjugat.

Afirmativ

I (shall) will be going.
You will be going.
He/she/it will be going.
We (shall) will be going.
You will be going.
They will be going.

Negativ

I (shall) will not be going.
You will not be going.
He/she/it will not be going.
We (shall) will not be going.
You will not be going.
They will not be going.

Interogativ

Shall I be going? Shall we be going?
Will you be going? Will you be going?
Will he/she/it be going? Will they be going?

    Acest timp arata o actiune in plina desfasurare intr-un moment viitor.
        Ex. At three o'clock, I will be travelling to England.
    (Mâine la ora trei voi calatori spre Anglia.)
    Se traduce cu viitorul din limba româna.

Future Perfect Simple

    Se formeaza cu shall sau will, la care se adauga infinitivul trecut al verbului de conjugat. (have + forma III).

Afirmativ

I (shall) will have gone.
You will have gone.
He/she/it will have gone.
We (shall) will have gone.
You will have gone.
They will have gone.

Negativ

I (shall) will not have gone.
You will not have gone.
He/she/it will not have gone.
We (shall) will not have gone.
You will not have gone.
They will not have gone.

Interogativ

Shall I have gone? Shall we have gone?
Will you have gone? Will you have gone?
Will he/she/it have gone? Will they have gone?

    Acest timp arata o actiune anterioara unei alte actiuni sau unui moment viitor. Se traduce cu timpul viitor anterior din limba româna.
    Ex. By three o'clock tomorrow, I will have reached Predeal.
    (Mâine pâna la ora trei voi fi ajuns la Predeal.)

Future Perfect Continuous

    Se formeaza cu Future Perfect al verbului "to be", la care se adauga forma -ing a verbului de conjugat.
    Ex. I (shall) will have been going.
    When you come home, I will have been studying for three hours.
    Când vei veni tu acasa, voi studia (voi fi studiat) de trei ore.
    Arata o actiune in plina desfasurare intre doua momente viitoare. Se traduce cu viitorul simplu sau cu viitorul anterior din limba româna.
    Este un timp rar folosit.
 
 

Future-in-the-Past Simple

    Se formeaza cu should (persoana I) sau would (toate persoanele), la care se adauga infinitivul verbului de conjugat.

Afirmativ

I (should) would go We (should) would go
You would go You would go
He/she/it would go They would go

Negativ

I (should) would not go We (should) would not go
You would not go You would not go
He/she/it would not go They would not go

    Forma scurta de la "should not" este shouldn't, iar cea de la "would not" este wouldn't.
    Acest timp este folosit in concordanta timpurilor pentru a arata o actiune posterioara unui moment sau unei actiuni din trecut.
    Ex. He said he would be late.
    (El a spus ca va intârzia.)
    Intrucât nu poate fi intâlnit decât in propozitii secundare (dupa un verb la timpul trecut in propozitia principala), nu se pune problema folosirii lui a interogativ decât in intrebari disjunctive.

Future-in-the-Past Continuous

    Se formeaza cu Future-in-the-Past Simple al verbului "to be", la care se adauga forma -ing a verbului de conjugat.

I should (would) be going.

    Este un timp sestul de rar folosit. Preia functiile lui Future Tense Continuous intr-o propozitie secundara, atunci când in principala se afla un verb la trecut.
    Ex. He said that at 3 o'clock, the next day, he would be travelling to England.
    (El a spus ca in ziua urmatoare, la ora 3, va calatori spre Anglia.)

Alte mijloace de exprimare a viitorului

*   Present Simple + adverb de timp viitor. Intr-un astfel de context, arata un program precis, bine stabilit.

    Ex. I leave for London tomorrow.
    (Plec/voi pleca la Londra mâine.)

*   Present Continuous + adverb de timp viitor. Arata o intentie, un aranjament prealabil pentru viitorul apropiat.

    Ex. I am meeting John this morning.
    (Il intâlnesc/il voi intâlni pe John in dimineata aceasta.)

*   Expresia "to be going to" + infinitiv. Arata de asemenea o intentie sau o probabilitate.

    Ex. I am going to read this book.
    (Voi citi/am de gând sa citesc aceasta carte.)
    It is going to rain.

Exercitii cu timpurile "Future"

1.      Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul Future Simple:

1.      I (know) the results in three days' time.

2.      You (be) in London tomorrow.

3.      You (recognize) him when you see him?

4.      I (remember) this day all my life.

5.      I am sure you (like) this book.

6.      He (be) pleased if you invite him.

7.      I am sure I (succeed).

8.      You (remember) to post my letter?

9.      I hope I (pass) the exam.

10.  You (not find) a solution if you don't know the whole truth.

1.      Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul Future Continuous:

1.      This time next month, I (swim) in the sea.

2.      When you reach Sinaia, it probably (rain).

3.      Don't ring her up at 8 o'clock p.m. She (watch) TV.

4.      You (need) the vacuum cleaner tomorrow or may I borrow it?

5.      I am sure when I arrive home, the baby (cry).

6.      Let's hurry to the beach. The sun (rise) in 10 minutes.

7.      He (study) all day tomorrow.

8.      This time next day, we (climb) the mountain.

9.      Tomorrow morning at 8 o'clock, I (have) breakfast.

10.  Don't expect me home for dinner, I (work) at the office till late at night.

3. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul Future Perfect Simple sau Continuous:

1.      In a week's time, we (take) our exam.

2.      I (finish) reading the newspapers by lunch time.

3.      Next year, they (be married) for 25 years.

4.      If we don't hurry, the sun (rise) before we reach the beach.

5.      By the end of the season, one hundred thousand people (spend) their holidays at the seaside.

6.      By the time you come home, I (cook) for two hours.

7.      When I take the exam, I (read) all the books on the bibliography list.

8.      By the beginning of next week, I (work) on this paper for a month.

9.      By 5 o'clock, you (see) all the exhibits in the museum.

10.  By the end of the month, I (pay off) all my debts.

4. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind unul din tipurile de viitor:

1.      Pâna anul viitor pe vremea aceasta, vor fi economisit 5 milioane.

2.      Ce faci mâine dimineata la ora 11?

3.      Voi vizita târgul international.

4.      Am cumparat o masina de scris si voi invata sa bat.

5.      Pâna la sfârsitul lunii, voi fi vazut acest film de 5 ori.

6.      Trenul va fi plecat inainte de a ajunge noi la gara.

7.      Pâna la ora 1, ea va fi terminat curatenia in casa.

8.      Vineri, intre orele 12 si 1, ei vor avea ultima ora de engleza.

9.      El va studia in biblioteca luni de la ora 1 la 5.

10.  Din cauza grevei soferilor de autobuze multa lume va merge pe jos la slujba, mâine.

11.  Uite ce am cumparat la o licitatie!

12.  E un obiect frumos. Unde il vei pune?


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