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GRAMMAR: REFLEXIVE, RECIPRICAL, INDEFINITE PRONOUNS (REVIEW)

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ALTE DOCUMENTE

TOEFL Vocabulary
CAN and COULD - Verbe Modale
WHO and WHOM WHOEVER and WHOMEVER
GRAMMAR: REFLEXIVE, RECIPRICAL, INDEFINITE PRONOUNS (REVIEW)

COMMUNICATION: SOCIALIZING (GREETINGS AND LEAVETAKINGS)

GRAMMAR: REFLEXIVE, RECIPRICAL, INDEFINITE PRONOUNS (REVIEW)



a) How to greet an acquaintance:

e) How to take your leave:

Hello,

Mr South

How are you?

Good morning,

Mrs Smith.

How are you feeling?

Good afternoon,

Alan.

How are you getting on?

Good evening,

Pat

How are things'(informal)

b) How to reply to a greeting:

Oh, hello, Mr Ford.

Very well. Thanks. And you?

Fine

All right.

Pretty good

Not too bad.

So - so.

Not too good, I'm afraid

Very much the same

c) How to respond to bad news:

A: How's your brother5 B. Not too good, I'm afraid A- I'm sorry to hear that. Oh, that's awful Oh, that's terrible

d) How to respond to good news:

A†† Bill has won the race!

B.I'm glad(pleased) to hear that

Oh, that's great

Oh, that's good

How exciting!

Really!

Well, I must be off

I must be going

Good-bye†† (formal and informal)

Bye/Bye-bye†† (informal)

See you later/soon/tomorrow, etc

f) How to send someone your regards:

Give my regards to your wife. Remember me to your family

Conversation I

Sally:†† Morning, Brian.

Brian: Morning, Sally. How are you feeling today?

Sally:†† Fine, thanks, Brian. And you?

Brian: Oh, pretty good, thanks. Shocking weather, isn't it?

Sally: Yes, terrible.

Brian: How's Peter now? Has he got over the flue yet?

Sally:†† Oh, he is much better, thanks. The doctor says he'll be all

right in a couple of days. Brian: Oh, I'm pleased to hear that. Sally:†† Yes, it is good news.

Brian: Talking of news - have you heard about Claire? Sally:†† No, what's happened? Brian: Well, I haven't seen her since the end of the term so I'm

notsureifit's†† true,†† but†† apparently,†† she's†† failed†† her

finals.

Sally:†† Oh, no. Poor Claire1 She must be so upset!

Brian: Ah, here's my stop. By the way, are you going to Simon's

party on Saturday? Sally:†† Yes, I expect so. Brian: Good. I'll probably see you there then. Well, bye-bye and

give my regards to Peter. Sally:†† Yes, I will. Bye.

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I. Listen to the conversation and answer the quest 20420h718u ions: How are Brianand Sally getting on? How is Peter? What has happened to Claire? What are the friends going to do on Sa≠turday?

//.†† Findin†† thetext†† appropriateEnglishphrases†† for†† the following.

Как ты себя чувствуешь сегодня? Спасибо, хорошо. Ужасная погода, не так ли? Как Пит? Уже поправился после гриппа? Ему

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намного лучше. Приятно слушать об этом. Это хорошая но≠вость. Ты слышал о Кларе? Очевидно, она не сдала выпускные экзамены. Не уверен, правда ли это. Должно быть, она очень рас≠строена. Между прочим, ты собираешься к Саймону в субботу? Возможно, я увижу тебя там. Передай привет Питу. ///. Insert the missing phrases from the conversation:

1.- How are you feeling today?

-... . And you?

2.- How's Peter? ...?

-Oh, he is much better, thanks. The doctor says ....

3.- Talking of news - ...?

-No, ...?

4.- By the way, are you going to Simon's party on Saturday?

5.- Well, bye-bye and ..†† .

IV. Role-play the conversation.



Conversation 2

John:†† Morning, Peter. How are you?

Peter: Fine, thanks, John. And you?

John:†† Oh, I'm all right. Nice and warm today, isn't it?

Peter: Yes, beautiful. Family О. К,.?

John:†† Yes, they're fine, thanks. And yours?††††††††††††††††††† ' .

Peter: Well, Sally's not good at the moment. Her mother was

taken to hospital last week, you know. John:†† Oh, I'm sorry to hear that. She must be so upset. Peter: Yes, she is.

John:†† By the way, have you heard about the professor? Peter: No, I don't think so. What's happened? John:†† Well, I'm not saying it's true, but there's a rumour going

round that he is leaving. Peter:It can't be true! Not the professor! He was here for life,

I thought. John:†† Well, that's what they say. Anyway, I must be off now. Got

to catch the train home. Good-bye!

Peter: Bye! Oh, and give my regards to your wife, won't you? John:†† Yes, I will.

/. Listen to the conversation and answer the quest 20420h718u ions: How are John and his family? Why is Sally not good at the moment? What does John inform Peter about? Why must John be off?

38

//. Listen to the conversation again. Recall the phrases expres≠sing greetings, leave takings and inquiries about a friend (or a rela≠tive) used in the conversation.

III.Read†† the†† conversation.†† Paraphrase†† the†† conversational formulas expressing greetings and leavetakings

IV.Role-play the conversation.

Conversation 3

Mr Smith: Good afternoon, Mr White, how are you?

Mr White: Very well, indeed, thank you, and how are you?

Mr Smith: Quite well, thankyou††† Won't you sitdown? Have

a cigarette, will you? Mr White: Thank you.

Mr Smith: Well, what's the news, Mr White? How's business? Mr White: Pretty good, thank you. And how are things with you? Mr Smith: Well, not too good, I'm afraid, and going from bad to

worse. In fact, it's the worst >ear we've had for a long

time. Mr White:I'm†† sorry†† to†† hear†† that.†† I†† hope†† things†† will†† soon

improve. Mr Smith: Yes, let's hope for the best. And how's your nephew

Richard getting on? Mr White: Oh,†† he's†† getting†† on†† quite†† well,†† thank†† you.†† He's

staying in the country just now with his Uncle William

and his cousins.

Mr Smith: How long is he going to stay there? Mr White:I don't know exactly, but he's having i. very pleasant

time and it's doing him a lot of good, sо the longer he

stays, the better.

/. Listen to the conversation and answer the/uestions.

How is Mr White? How are things with Mr Smith? How is Richard getting on? Who did he go to the country with? Is he having a good time there?

//. Find in the text appropriate English phrases for the following:

Как поживаете? Спасибо, хорошо. Пожалуйся, присаживай≠тесь. Как обстоят дела у вас? Боюсь, что не слишком хорошо и идут от плохого к худшему. Надеюсь, что дела поправятся. Давайте надеяться на лучшее. Какие новости' Как поживает ваш племянник Ричард? Чем больше он там пробудет, тем лучше.

59

Сколько времени он собирается там пробыть? Это приносит ему пользу. Я точно не знаю.

///. Insert the missing phrases from the conversation:

1.- How are you?

2.- ....

-Pretty good, thank you.

3.- And how are things with you?

4.- I hope things will soon improve.

- Yes, ... .

5.- ... .

-Oh, Richard's getting on quite well, thank you.

6.- ...?

-†† I don't know exactly.

IV.Give synonymous expressions to the following:

1. How are you? 2 Very well indeed, thank you. 3. Won't you sit down? 4. Have a cigarette, will you? 5. How's your nephew Richard getting on?

V.Role-play the conversation.

Practice

/. Greet: your teacher 2. your boss 3. your colleague 4. your friend.

//. Respond to the following:

1. Good morning, Mr Morgan! How are you? 2. Hello, Dick! How's life? 3. Good morning, Mrs Baxter! How are you getting on? 4. Good evening, Fred! How are things? 5. Hello, Steve! How are you feeling? 6. How's your son? 7. How are your parents? 8. How's your husband? 9. How's your wife? 10. How's your friend getting on? 11. How's everybody at home^1 12. How's your family? 13 How is business?

///. Respond to a piece of good news:

1. I've won the game. 2. We're going out to celebrate-tonight. 3. We'll go to a show on Saturday. 4. We'll take a holiday. 5. We're getting married in the spring. 6. Mother's coming to stay. 7. We've bought a car 8. Father is going to give you a bike as a present.

IV.Respond to a piece of bad news.

1. You know Jane is not good at the moment. 2. I'm afraid Peter is getting worse. 3. You know Jack has caught flue. 4. Sheila has failed her exam, you know. 5. I've lost my job. 6. I've broken rny leg. 7. I didn't get the job. 8. I didn't win the prize.

V.Learn the dialogues:

1.- I'vemadeup†† mymind††† We're†† goingtoSpain†† forthe

holidays.




-How exciting!††††††††††††††††††††††

-†† We'll leave early in July.

-Great!

2.- Morning, Frank. It's nice to see you.

-Hello, Jim. How are things?

-Pretty good, thank you. Any news from home?

-No news. I'm quite upset.

-Cheer up! Everything will be О. К-

3.- Good morning, Mr Ford.

-Good morning, Mr Dobson. How do you like the weather today?

-Absolutely††† wonderful,††† nice††† and††† warm.††† What's††† the weather forecast for tomorrow? Do youknow?

-Yes, it says it will be bright and sunny.

-How nice! Good-bye.

-Bye-bye.

4.- Hello,†† John.†† We†† haven't†† seen†† you†† for†† ages.†† Where

have you been? Home?

-I've been visiting relatives.

-Whereabouts?

-†† I went to Stirling to see an uncle of mine

5.- How do you do, Mr Jones?

-How do you do, Mr Hardy?

-†† Sit down, please. What can I do for you?

-†† I've come to fix anappointment with youfor my chief.

-Will 10 o'clock suit him?

-†† Perfectly.

6.- I've come to say good-bye.

-What time are you leaving?

-I'm catching the 7.25.

-Well, good-bye and have a good journey.

-Good-bye. Remember me to your parents. 7 -How's Dick?

-Getting worse, I'm afraid.

-Oh, I'm sorry to hear that.

61

food although Steve helped himself more than once. The room was too crowded, people were almost pushing one another around. A girl spilt some wine on my dress. She blamed herself, although it wasn't really her fault in that crowd. We left early - I'm sure nobody noticed.

2.Pam: Wehad afewlittle accidents at the weekend.Mark

fell and hurt himself, Kate cut herself with a knife and I burnt myself. Jeff wasn't very understanding. He said we weren't careful enough and that we could only blame ourselves for the accidents. Jeff had bought a Do-it-yourself book on carpentry and on Sunday he started to make a wooden table for the balcony. I said to him: "Be careful, don't cut yourself", but he hit his thumb with the hammer three times.

3.Monika: We went on a tour of the Lake District. Jill:†††††††† Oh, how nice! Did you enjoy yourselves? Monika: Yes,thanks.We†† met†† somenicepeople.†† Annegret

and I were talking German to each other on the bus and we noticed that the man and the woman opposite us were listening. They smiled at each other. Finally, the man introduced himself and said: "My wife and I are learning German, so we need practice. We're going to Germany on holiday next month. I've just been saying some irregular verbs to myself". He laughed, then they both said a few sentences in German. They seemed to be quite proud of themselves because it was the first time they had spoken German to German speakers At home, they could only practise with each other. 4. Steve: Which of these two ties do you like, Jill? Jill: Neither of them.

Steve: Why not? I like both of them. And this red and blue one is nice. Now, which of the three do you like best?

Jill:††††† None of them. The colours are all too dark. Steve:I like all of them. Jill:††††† And which are you going to buy? Steve:I†† don't†† know.†† I†† haven't†† looked†† at†† the†† prices†† yet (Looks†† at†† the†† prices).†† Oh,†† dear!†† I†† didn't†† realize they were so expensive. None of them!

5. Conductor:††††††††††† Fares, please!

Man:††††††††††††††††††† Trafalgar Square, please.

64

Conductor:†††††††††† I'm sorry, sir. I can't change a pound note

Haven't you got any small change? Man:†††††††††††††††††††† I've got no small change, I'm afraid.

Conductor:†††††††††† I'll ask some of the passengers.

Conductor:†††††††††† Have you any small change, sir?

1†† st Passenger:††† I'm sorry. I've got none.

2nd Passenger:I haven't got any either.

Conductor:†††††††††† Can you change this pound note, madam?

3rd Passenger:I'm afraid I can't

4th Passenger:†† Neither can I.

Conductor:†††††††† I'm very sorry, sir. You must get off

the bus None of our passengers can change this note. They are all millionaires!

Two Tramps:†††††† Except us, conductor.

1†† st Tramp:†††††††† I've got some small change.



2nd Tramp:†††††††† So have I.

6.Steve:†††††† Where's†† the††† Latin†† America's†† file?††I've††† looked

for it everywhere, but I can't find it anywhere. I've asked everybody, and nobody knows. Last week I put it somewhere in my cupboard, and now it's nowhere! I need some information for my report. Mr Short wants it tomorrow, and I haven't much progress.

Barbara: If I see anyone with it, I'll tell you. Don't worry. Somebody has taken it and will bring it back.

Harry: I've got some good news for you, Steve. The file is on Mr Short's desk! Mr Short is waiting for you. Here's a bit of advice, go and see him immediately.

Steve:†††††† Oh, dear! And you call that good news?

7.Helen:Isn't there anyone at home?

Jim††††† I'll†† knock†† again,†† Helen.†† Everything†† is†† very†† quiet.

I'm sure there's no one at home. Helen:But†† that's†† impossible.†† Pat†† and†† Tom†† invited†† us†† to

lunch. Look through the window. Helen: Can you see anything? Jim:††††† [ ook! Everyone's in the garden. Pat:††††† Hullo, Helen. Hullo, Jim. Tom:†††† Everybody†† wants†† to†† have†† lunch†† in†† the†† garden.

It's nice and warm out here. Pat:††††† Come and have something to drink Jim:††††† Thanks,†† Pat.†† May†† I†† have†† a†† glassofbeer,please? Pat'††††† Beer?††† There's††† none††† left.††† You††† can††† have††† some

lemonade. Jim:††††† Lemonade!

65

Tom:††† Don't†† believe†† her,†† Jim.††† She's†† only†† joking.†† Have

some beer! //.†† Listentothetexts,†† ask†† and†† answer†† questions,†† retell

the texts:

1.†† Bill†† Graig†† and†† John†† Fitzgerald†† are†† pilots.†† Last†† year their†† plane†† crashed†† in†† the†† Pacific†† Ocean.†† They†† were†† in†† а rubberdinghy forfourweeks.Theydidn't havemuchwater, and†† they†† didn'thave†† many†† things†† to†† eat.†† They†† had†† a†† few bananas†† and†† a†† little†† brandy†† from†† the†† plane.†† They†† caught alot of fish. They had only alittle chocolate.They had only afew biscuitsandafewapples.Afterfour weekstheysaw a ship and the ship rescued them.

2.†† Iwas outsideFrank's houseatfive o'clocksharp, and a few moments later he came out of the side door, pushing his bike.†† It†† didn't†† take†† us†† manyminutes†† tocycle†† to†† the†† river. We stopped at the bridge, lifted our bikes over the gate, and hid them behind the hedge.

There were some cows in the meadow. They raised their heads, and looked a little surprised to see visitors so early in the morning. But there was nobody about, apart from ourselves.

We reached the island and fixed up our rods. There were a lot of small fish near the surface, but we didn't catch anything for an hour or so. Then suddenly Frank gave a cry,

"Got one!"

Almost at the same moment something big took my bait. I pulled up my fishing rod and the hook was gone. But Frank was luckier. "Look at this", he said happily, pointing to a large Silver Bream, which lay on the bank.

I congratulated him, but felt a bit disappointed about losing my own fish. The sun was up now. It was getting warmer every moment, and there wasn't much point in continuing to fish. I got out the thermos and we drank a little tea and ate a few biscuits.

Self check

/.†† Fill†† in†† the†† gaps†† with†† "some",†† "any",†† "no"†† or†† their

compounds:

1 I want .. seats for Tuesday night. Are there ... left? - No, there are ... seats left. Every seat is reserved. 2. Doctor, I think there's ... in my eye. ... looks funny.- Let me have a look. I can't see ... . No, I'm sure there's ... there. 3. There's ... in the other office! - I didn't hear ... .- Well, just have a look. - No, there's ... there. ... has gone home. 4. What are

you looking for? - My pen. It's ... in this room! - Where have you looked? - I've looked ... and I can't find it ... !

//. Fill in the gaps with either"(a) little" or "(a) few": 1 I drank ... whisky. 2. He smoked ... cigarettes. 3. I ate ... biscuits. 4. There was ... water on the floor. 5. We took ... photographs. 6. I like ... tomato sauce with my chips. 7. She made ... sandwiches. 8. She's got only ... dollars. 9. I had very ... friends at school. 10. There is too ... sugar in the tea. the tea.

///. Fill in the gaps with "many" or "much":

1. He hasn't got ... money. 2. We haven't got ... petrol. 3. He hasn't got ... friends. 4. We haven't got ... wine. 5. There aren't ... oranges in the fridge. 6. How ... coffee did you buy? 7. How . . stamps do you want? 8. How ... letters did you write? 9. How ... information was he able to give you? 10. How ... sandwiches do you want? 11. There were too ... people at the party. 12. He made too ... noise.

IV.Complete with "both", "neither", "all" or "none":

Monika: Which of these blouses do you like? This one or that

one?

Maria:†††† ... of them. The colours are too bright. Monika: Well, Ilike ... of them, and... of them is expensive.

I think I'll try the striped one. Maria:†††† Have†† you†† seen†† these†† skirts?†† Which†† do†† you†† like?

The blue one, the red one or the green one? Monika: Oh,†† yes.†† They†† are†† nice.†† I†† like†† ...†† of†† them.†† They

aren'texpensive.†† ...†† of†† them†† costs†† more†† than†† £10.

V.Fill in the gaps with proper reflexive pronouns:

1. The dog enjoyed ... with the children. 2. You needn't help them. They can do it ... . 3. I cut ... while shaving. 4. Did he hurt ... ? 5. She introduced ... as Mary Smith. 6. Don't blame ... . It isn't your fault. 7. Help ... to some cake. 8. We enjoyed ... at the party. 9. Your hair is untidy. Look at ... in the mirror. 10. I don't like people who always talk about ... . 11. He was very ashamed of ... . 12. She has won the game and she feels proud of ... .












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