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Unique Personalities

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ALTE DOCUMENTE

TOEFL Vocabulary
VOCABULARY
PRESENT TENSE
MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI CONSTRUCTIILE VERBALE
Whose discipline? Some critical reflections on linguistic pragmatics*
TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICATIV - Exercitii cu Present Simple si Continuous
Pasivul
Unique Personalities

Unique Personalities

Vocabulary

A. = Adjective   ADV. = Adverb   IDM. = Idiom   N. = Noun   V. = Verb



cynical

A. seeing little or no good in other people, believing that people do good things for bad reasons

eccentric

A. having strange, unusual or abnormal habits or tastes This term is less insulting than strange, weird or bizarre.

egotistical

A. thinking too highly of oneself, considering oneself better than others

imaginative

A. creative, having much imagination

indecisive

A. unable to decide quickly, not knowing what choice to make

picky

A. hard to please, too careful in choosing something

sensible

A. practical, reasonable, something that makes sense

sensitive

A. easily feels emotion, easily hurt emotionally can be positive or negative

sophisticated

A. representing high culture, very experienced in life 

thoughtful

A. often doing things to make other people feel good

EXERCITIU

Unique Personalities

Vocabulary in Conversation

Fill in all the gaps using the new vocabulary, then click the "Check" button to check your answers.

   cynical      eccentric      egotistical      imaginative      indecisive      picky      sensible      sensitive      sophisticated      thoughtful   

Robin: Did you meet that guy, Richard, at the party last night?

Michele: Oh my God, he was so . He kept talking about how intelligent he was and how much money he made. He even said he was thinking about becoming a professional model. Like that's ever going to happen!

Robin: And Brad, the artist from New York, he was rather ! He told me he sculpts and paints nothing but frogs. He even said he wanted to introduce a new line of frog jewelry. That's a little odd.

Michele: He wasn't strange at all. I thought he was very . You have to be really creative to become such a successful artist. He was also incredibly - he almost started crying as he told me about his art. By the way, look at the ring he gave me.

Robin: He gave you a frog ring? That's the ugliest thing I've ever seen!

Michele: It is not! I think it's really . He said his jewelry is the latest trend among the New York elite. Wasn't that of him to give me one of his creations?

Robin: Not really, I think he just wanted some free advertising.

Michele: My God, you are so ! Wasn't there anybody you liked at the party?

Robin: Yeah, Bill was really nice. He was the only , clear-thinking person I met there.

Michele: Oh, the waitress is coming. Have you decided what to order?

Robin: I'm not sure what to order. I just can't decide what I want.

Michele: You're so . Nothing is ever good enough for you.

Robin: That's not true! I'm just a little .

Michele: Well, you need to decide soon so we can ord 19119s1816t er. I'm starving!

 Check 

Unique Personalities

Vocabulary Follow-Up

Fill in each gap with the new vocabulary word which expresses the opposite meaning, then click the "Check" button to check your answers.

   cynical      eccentric      egotistical      imaginative      indecisive      picky      sensible      sensitive      sophisticated      thoughtful   

1. naive ↔

2. easy to please ↔

3. uncreative ↔

4. selfish ↔

5. modest ↔

6. normal ↔

7. quick to decide ↔

8. unfeeling ↔

9. illogical ↔

10. having faith in people ↔

 Check 

Higher Education

Vocabulary

A. = Adjective   ADV. = Adverb   IDM. = Idiom   N. = Noun   V. = Verb

apprenticeship

N. training in an art or a trade
This word is also sometimes used to describe educational training programs, common in Europe and much of the world, in which young people learn their profession through on-the-job training in companies and organizations. Often this includes one or two days a week of in-class training. This kind of education is uncommon in the United States.

to be funded

V. to be paid for, to supply the money for

a degree

N. a title given by a university



facilities

N. services or conveniences

to major

V. to specialize in (a particular academic field)

a major

N. the main field of study in which a university student specializes

to minor

V. to have a secondary specialization in (a particular academic field)

a minor

N. the secondary field of study in which a student specializes

to stand for

V. to be the short form of, to represent, to mean

terminology

N. specialized words or expressions used in a particular field, activity, job, science, etc.

to transfer

V. 1) to change schools 2) to move from one place to another said of people or things

B.A.

N. Bachelor of Arts, an undergraduate degree in a humanities-related subject

B.S.

N. Bachelor of Science, an undergraduate degree in a science-related subject

master's

N. the graduate degree after a bachelor's and before a Ph.D. There are also different kinds of master's, including M.A. (Master of Arts), M.S. (Master of Science), M.B.A. (Master in Business Administration), etc.

Ph.D.

N. doctorate, highest graduate degree Although Ph.D. stands for Doctor of Philosophy, it is commonly used to refer to a doctorate in any field.

Higher Education

Vocabulary in Conversation

Fill in all the gaps using the new vocabulary, then click the "Check" button to check your answers.

   apprenticeships      are funded      B.A.      B.S.      degree      facilities      majored      master's      minor      Ph.D.      stands for      terminology      transfer   

Lars: Tina, I'm trying to fill out this job application, and they want to know about my educational history. It's a little confusing because I don't understand the they are using. I don't really know much about the American educational system.

Tina: In America, all students basically study the same thing until they are around 18. After high school, students have the choice to start working or to go to college.

Lars: What is the difference between a college and a university?

Tina: In the U.S., there isn't a big difference between the two. Colleges tend to be smaller schools, and universities are usually larger schools with more ; however, we often use these words interchangeably.

Lars: Can Americans do to prepare themselves for their future careers? Many people do that kind of job training in my country.

Tina: That's not very common in the United States. Americans usually learn on the job; however, some junior colleges offer shorter, more practical career training programs.

Lars: What are junior colleges?

Tina: Colleges and universities in the United States are extremely expensive. Even schools which by the government can cost thousands of dollars a year. Most states have created junior colleges, which are inexpensive schools where students can complete the first two years of their education. Afterwards, students can to a four-year college or university to complete their bachelor's . And, as I mentioned, they also provide career training and continuing education courses.

Lars: What does mean? Is that the same thing as a bachelor's?

Tina: That Bachelor of Science. You also often hear the abbreviation , which is short for Bachelor of Arts. For example, I in chemistry, so I have a Bachelor of Science; but, my brother studied philosophy, so he has a Bachelor of Arts.

Lars: I thought you studied German literature.

Tina: That was my - my secondary field of study.

Lars: What about after you finish your bachelor's?

Tina: Students can continue studying and receive a , which usually requires an additional two years of study. And of course, the highest degree is called a , which is another word for doctorate.

Internet 101

Vocabulary

A. = Adjective   ADV. = Adverb   IDM. = Idiom   N. = Noun   V. = Verb

a browser

N. a program used to view the Internet Microsoft Internet Explorer and Firefox are examples of popular Internet browsers.

to click

V. 1) to press the button on a computer mouse 2) to make a small, sharp sound

a click

N. 1) the pressing of the mouse button 2) a small, sharp sound

content

N. subject matter; the main idea of a book, a paper or a web page

to copyright

V. to legally protect content with a copyright




a copyright

N. the right in law to be the only producer, seller or distributor of a book, a play or a web page

to design

V. to artistically arrange the shape or layout of something

a design

N. 1) the artistic shape or layout of something 2) an architectural or technical plan for something

to format

V. to determine the size, shape and form of a written document

a format

N. the size, shape and form of a written document

infringement

N. breaking a law or rule, disregarding a legal protection

Internet (Net)

N. a series of interconnected computers and databases around the world

to lay out

V. to design the technical arrangement of a web page, building, garden, etc.

a layout

N. the technical arrangement of a web page, building, garden, etc.

World Wide Web (Web) 

N. a series of commercial, educational and governmental web pages on the Internet

Internet 101

Vocabulary in Conversation

Fill in all the gaps using the new vocabulary, then click the "Check" button to check your answers.

   browsers      click      content      copyright      design      format      Internet      layout      World Wide Web   

Tim: Hey! What are you looking at, Barbara?

Barbara: I am taking a class called 21st Century Advertising. The teacher wants us to study different web sites to learn about web page .

Tim: That sounds like a great class for people who are studying business.

Barbara: It is. The is the future of business. And the is going to be the storefront of the next century. To be competitive, businesses have to adapt their current advertising techniques. However, creating a good web site is much more difficult than most people think.

Tim: Have you discovered anything interesting which you consider to be well designed?

Barbara: Yeah, this site is fantastic. Take a look. It's very artistic and the technical is convenient and very logical. It also looks good in different . I have already viewed it in Microsoft Explorer and Firefox. The is also fantastic; the size and shape of the text are perfect. I am going to borrow some of their techniques when I make my own web page for class.

Tim: Borrowing ideas is OK, but you have to remember that the of all web pages is legally protected.

Barbara: I know. Our professor taught us about intellectual rights. He told us that infringement is a real concern for people who publish on the Web.

Tim: That's right. Hey, that picture says "continue on." Why don't you there so we can see the next page.

Barbara: OK.

Ordering in a Restaurant

Vocabulary

A. = Adjective   ADV. = Adverb   IDM. = Idiom   N. = Noun   V. = Verb

an appetizer

N. a small dish at the beginning of a meal, a starter

a chef

N. a skilled cook

chives

N. a small onion-like herb commonly added to potatoes

chowder

N. a kind of soup usually containing fish and vegetables

to come with

V. to include (in a meal)

dressing

N. a sauce added to salads

an entree

N. a main dish

a menu

N. a list of dishes available in a restaurant

salmon

N. a large fish with silvery skin and pinkish meat

rare

A. very pink adjective used to describe a way of cooking meat

medium-rare

A. slightly pink adjective used to describe a way of cooking meat

medium

A. normally cooked adjective used to describe a way of cooking meat



well-done

A. fully cooked adjective used to describe a way of cooking meat

Ordering in a Restaurant

Vocabulary in Conversation

Fill in all the gaps using the new vocabulary, then click the "Check" button to check your answers.

   appetizer      chef      chives      chowder      comes with      dressing      entree      menu      salmon      well-done   

Waitress: Good evening, are you ready to order, or do you need a little more time?

Tim: Yes, I'm ready to order.

Waitress: Did you notice on our that we have two seafood specials tonight? One is poached and the other is grilled shark.

Tim: That sounds really good, but I think I am going to start with the shrimp cocktail . And as for my , I think I'll have the New York steak.

Waitress: And, how would you like that steak?

Tim: I'd like that . I don't like it when the meat is even a little pink.

Waitress: I'll make sure the prepares it just the way you like it. The New York steak mashed potatoes, a baked potato, or steak fries.

Tim: I'll take the baked potato.

Waitress: Would you like sour cream and on that?

Tim: I'll have sour cream.

Waitress: Your meal also includes a choice of soup or salad.

Tim: What is the soup today?

Waitress: Clam or chicken vegetable.

Tim: I think I'll have the salad instead.

Waitress: What kind of would you like?

Tim: Blue cheese.

Ordering in a Restaurant

Vocabulary Follow-Up

Fill in all the gaps using the new vocabulary, then click the "Check" button to check your answers.

   appetizers      chef      chives      chowder      comes with      dressing      entrees      menu      rare      salmon   

1. She always has Italian on her salad.

2. Gerrie doesn't like most kinds of fish, but she does like .

3. Keith's mom makes the best fish I have ever tasted. She uses shark, corn, potatoes, carrots, onions and peppers.

4. I like my baked potatoes with butter. I don't like sour cream and .

5. Gene is studying at a school in Paris to become a . He hopes to run his own restaurant.

6. The steak was prepared very . It looked like they hadn't even cooked it.

7. That Chinese restaurant has a fantastic selection of dishes on their .

8. The meal soup or salad and a dessert afterwards.

9. The at that restaurant are huge. There is no reason to order side dishes or dessert.

10. Buffalo wings, potato skins, and shrimp cocktail are all famous American .

 Check 

Changing Jobs

Vocabulary

A. = Adjective   ADV. = Adverb   IDM. = Idiom   N. = Noun   V. = Verb

to be bought out

V. to be purchased, taken over by another company

to be laid off

V. to lose your job because the company wants to reduce the number of employees

competitive

A. 1) liking competition, always competing with other people used to describe personalities 2) having intense competition used to describe markets, industries or businesses

dedicated

A. 1) very loyal 2) working hard for a person, company or idea

to downsize

V. to reduce the number of employees in a company in order to lower costs

to get rid of

V. to throw away, remove, eliminate something or someone

outdated

A. too old, antiquated

to retrain

V. to reeducate someone for a job, train again

to streamline

V. 1) to form into a smooth shape which can easily move through air or water 2) to improve the performance of something 3) to simplify a process

to update

V. to make more modern

an update

N. the latest information or news













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