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МОРСКАЯ МЕТЕОРОЛОГИЯ

Rusa






High. Anticyclone



Trough

Upper front

Secondary front

Eye of storm

Sleet

Наil

Ridge

Ridge of high pressure

Thunderstorm (TSTM)

Thunder

Depression

Rain

Long-range forecast

Mist. Haze

Isobars. Isotherms Short-range forecast

Shower

Sleet

Damp

Frost, freezing

Drizzle

Monsoons

Cloud

Widely-scattered TSTMS

Occlusion

Precipitation

Sea subsiding

Overcast

Polar front

Hurricane warning

Discontinuance

Forecast

Clearing up

Dew

Col

Strong

Occasional

Snow. Sleet

Blizzard

Snow pellets

Stratosphere

Dry

Typhoon

Dew point

Tropical cyclone

Troposphere

Fog. Haze

Moderate

Hurricane

Front. Cold/warm

Thunderhead

Frontal wave

Low. Cyclone

Squall

Storm warning



Beaufort scale

Calm, less than knot

Light air, knots

Light breeze, knots

Gentle breeze, knots

Moderate breeze,

11-16 knots

Fresh breeze,

17-21 knots

Strong breeze,

22-27 knots

Near (hard) gale, 22-33 knots

Gale, knots Strong gale,

41-47 knots

Storm, knots Violent storm,

56-63 knots

Hurricane, and over

knots

Gust. Gusty wind

Squall

Sea breeze

Land breeze

Prevailing wind

Trade-wind

Bora

Sirocco

Norther

Whirlwind, water-spout

Duststorm

Sandstorm

Shift of wind veer


Shift of wind back


Typhoon

Low

The wind is blowing

from S

The weather is

improving

The weather was bad The weather will be

fine

The wind has fallen

What is the w. f. for

Tomorrow?

SE wind near 10 kt

Monsoon

Tornado

Wind ahead (adverse

wind, foul wind, head) Wind aft (following) Side wind Relative wind

Wind-force

Becalmed wind

Choppy wind


Wave

Calm (glassy)

Calm (rippled)


Smooth (waveless)


Slight


Moderate


Rough


Very rough


High


Very high


Phenomenal


Seas less than fts

Heavy sea

Surge

Wave lent

Но I low sea

Surging sea (angry)

Ground sea


No swell

Low swell

Moderate swell Heavy swell

Confused swell

Surge

Surf

Tsunamis

Breaker

Short swell waves

0-100 m

Average swell waves 100-200 m

Long swell waves

200 м over 200 m

Chopping (choppy)




Head sea, meeting wave Bow-sea, quarter head wave

Astern sea, following

wave


Quarter(ing) sea

Sea abeam, athwart sea







Pancake -

Brash -

Mелкобитый лед - 2 Ice cakes

Sinai I floe

Medium floe

Big floe


Vast floe


Giant floe


Fast ice

Iceberg

No form


New ice - 1



Nilas - 2

Grey ice - 4

Grey-white ice - 5

Thin first-year/White

ice - 7

Medium first-year

ice

Thick first-year

ice

Old ice


Iceberg

Bare ice

Friendly ice

Pancake ice

Ice-bound

Big floe

Large fracture

Large ice field

Fracturing

Giant fIoe

Glacier ice

Rotten ice

Sleet

Concentration boundary

Fast-ice boundary

Ridge

Ridge ice

Ridging

Second-year ice

Anchor ice

Pack ice

Beset

Bight

Flaw polynya

Snow covered ice

Sastrugi

Flooded ice

Flaw lead

Fracture zone

Finger rafting

Finger-rafted ice

Lead

Ice limit

Ice edge

Fast-ice edge

Small floes

Glowler

Easy area, slight ice


Ice of land origin


Stranded ice

Grounded ice

Glacier

Ice boundary

Ice cover

Ice blink

Brash ice, slab ice

Ice wall

Floe

Grease ice

Ice front

Ice island


Young coastal ice

Ice Jam

Ice keel

Ice mass if

Ice canopy

Small fracture

Small icefield



Ice cake

Multi-year ice

New ice

Consolidated ridge

Frost smoke

Sea ice

Rafting

Rafted ice

Hostile ice

Floeberg

Nil as

Medium floe

Bergy bit

Vast floes

First-year ice Medium first-year ice

Lake ice

Sky light

Open water

Very close pack ice

Calving


Floating ice

Shearing

Icefoot

Bummick

Belt

Ridged ice zone

Strip

Flaw

Polynya

Shore polynya

Shore lead

Tide crack

Fast ice

Thaw hole

Ice patch

Fracture

Diffuse ice edge


Open pack ice

Glacier berg

Very open pack ice

River ice

Level ice

Standing floe

New ridge

Light Nilas

Grey-white ice

Grey ice

Nip

Ice under pressure

Icefield


Consolidated pack ice


Ice breccio

Puddle

Snowdnft

Slush

Compacting

Compacted ice edge

Concentration

Compacted pack ice

Close floating ice


Medium fracture

Medium ice field


Mean ice edge

Grounded hummock

Aged ridge

Old ice

Recurring polynya

Tabular berg

Ram

Dark Nilas

Small ice cake

Thick first-year ice

Thin first-year ice

Topoc Hummock

Hummocked ice

Hummocking

Crack

Difficult area

Very small fracture

Firn

Ice-free / open water

Iceport

Ice shelf

Shuga

Iceberg tongue

Glacier tongue

Tongue


(A) Tidal amplitude

Anomalous tides

Coastal line

Great diurnal range

Bore

Range of tide

Night water

Age of tide

Time of low water

Duration of fall

Time of high water

Duration of rise

Stand of tide

Higher low water (HLW)

Higher High water (HHW)


Height of low water

Height of high water

Height (rise) of tide

Spring rise


Height of mean level



(ML)

Harmonic constants


Depth at any moment



Depth at low water


Depth at high water


Depth at chart datum


The depth at any moment

Sea level at any moment


Secondary point

Slacken

Slack water


Low water neaps (LWN)

High water neaps (HWN)


Neap tide

Rat ion of (tide) ranges

Lunar (Lunitidal)

interval

(MB) Low water (LW) Low water neaps Low water springs Shallow tide Mixed tide


Lower Low water (LLW)

Lower high water (LHW)

Datum; datum of

soundings

Chart datum

Datum level

Standard port

Ebb; falling water Ebb current; ebb tide

stream

Period

Rise

Rise (height) above datum of sounding High water (HW)

High water neaps

High water springs Semi-diurnal tide

Allowance

Time difference

Height difference


Correction for high

water full and change

High water full and

change

It is high water full 2 and change at port at

2 h 20m

Low water full and

change

Tide; flood; raising

water

Tidal wave Interval from high water/low water

Dead tide

High (low-water)

spring

Spring

Mixed tide

Fall of tide

Mean sea level

Mean high water spring

(Neaps)


Mean tide level

Mean range of tide

Mean higher high water

High (low water) stand

Slack water

Diurnal inequality

Diurnal tide

Tidal current tables

Tide tables

Height of tide

Morning water

Quarter-diurnal tide


Broken (bn)

Boulders

Weeds (Wd)

Volcanic (V)

Sticky (Sy)

Shingle (Sn)

Gips

Clay

Loamy mud

Globigerina

Boulders

Pebbles (P)

Gravel (G)

Ground (Gr)

Sponge (Sp)

Diatom mud

Carcareous (Ca)

Mud (M) SiIty sand

Stones (St)

Quarts (Qr)

Shingle (Sn)

Corals (Co)

Lava (Lv)

Glacial (Gl)

Manganese (Mg)

Chalk (Ck)

Fine (f)

Marl (Ml)

Soft (so)

Pumice (Pm)

Sand (S)


Sundy mud

Hard ground

Radiolaria

Shells (Sh)

Light (Lt)

Rock (R)

Schist

Stiff (sf)

Dark (d)

Tufa (T)

Oysters (Oy)

Scoria (Sc)

Grus (Gr)


a Characteristic of barometric tendency

(3-hours pressure change)


bi Ice of land origin (icebergs)


Ch Type of high cloud (cirrocumulus, cirrostratus)

Сl Type of low cloud (stratocumulus stratus, cumulus)

Cm Type of medium cloud (altocumulus, altostratus, nimb)

ci Concentration of sea ice

Di Bearing of principal ice edge

Ds Direction towards which ship is moving

(Course)

dd Direction in tens of degrees, from which wind

is blowing

c dw1 (dw2) Direction from which first swell waves are

coming

Direction from which (second) swell waves are

coming

Es Es Thickness of ice accretion in cm


ff Wind speed in knots or metres (second)


UTC GG Hour of observation in whole hours UTC

Hw Hw Height of sea waves in half metres

Hw1 (Hw2) Height of first swell waves in half metres

Height of (second) swell waves in half metres

h Height of the lowest cloud

LaLaLa Latitude in degrees and tenths

LoLoLo Longitude in degrees and tenths

N Total amount of cloud; total cloud cover

Nh Lowest cloud cover

PwPw Period of sea waves in seconds

Pw1 (Pw2) Period of first swell waves in seconds

Period of (second) swell waves in seconds

Pressure in millibars and tenths


Amount of barom. tendency during 3 hrs preceding

the time of observation

Rs Rate of ice accretion

Si Stage of development of sea ice

Sn Sign of temperature in code

Air temperature in whole degrees and tenths

(dry bulb temperature)

TdTdTd Dew-point temperature in whole degrees and

tenths

TwTwTw Sea-surface temperature in degrees and tenths




VV Horizontal visibility

Vs Speed of ship, ship's average speed

W1W2 Past weather (1-primary, 2-secondary)


WW Present Weather

И Year

MM Month

YY Day of the month

2i Ice situation and trend


UUU Humidity of the air in per cent

СоСоСо Speed of the current

zz Hundreds of metres of depth

RRR Amount of precipitation

Is Ice accretion cause

iw Wind indicator

iR Precipitation's data indicator

ix Weather data indicator


Qc Quadrant



АВТ about ABV above ACPY accompany

ACRS across ADVN advance AFTN afternoon AMS air mass ARND around AT attitude AVG average Устанавливаться ВСМ become BCMG becoming BGF big floe BGN begin BHND behind BLO below


BRKN broken CHG change CLO cloud CLR clear CLRG clearing CMNC commence CN concentra- tion

CND condition CNTR centre CONTN continue Сплоченный лед СРОК close pack

ice CSTL costal BSH brash ice DCR decrease DCRG decreasing developing

low

OMSH diminish DNS dense DFT drift DRZL drizzle DSIPT disperse DSNT distant DST destroy DWLP development DWPNT dew point ENDG ending

ENTR entirely

FCST forecast

FLD field

FIG falling

FLW follow

FQT frequent

FQT SHWRS frequent

shower

FRMG forming

FRST frost

FRZ freeze

FRZN frozen

GENLY generally

GND ground

GNDFG ground fog

GRDL gradual

GRP group

GW gale

wind

HIGH

SEAS

HRZN horizon

HURCN hurricane

HUREP

HZY hazy

ICE FREE

ICG icing

I NCR increase

INDFT indefinite

INTS intensive

INVIC in vicinity

IPV improve

LCL local

LCLY locally

LGT light

LEAD

LKLY likely

LTL little

LVL level

LWR lower

LYR layer

MBS millibars

MDF medium floe

MDT moderate


MID middle

MIDN midnight

MIN minimum

MOV movement

MRNQ morning

MSL mean sea

level

NRN northen

OCFNT occlusion

front

OCLN occlusion OCN occasion

OPEN

WATER

OPWR open water OVC overcast

PCPN precipita tion

PRO period PRTG protracting PSBL possible PSN position PRLY partly PVL prevail QS quasistationary RDG ridge RMN remain

RPDLY rapidly SCTD scattered SHWRS showers SFC surface

SHFT shift

SHLW shallow

SHWR shower

SL slush

SLGTLY slightly

SLOWLY

SLT sleet SMF small floes

SMK smoke

SNW snow

SQLL squall

STA stationary

STM storm

STNY stationary

STNRY stationary

SVRL several

SW storm wind

SYN synopsis

TD tropical

depression Проталины ТН thaw hole THN thin

TROG through TS tropical

storm

TSNWR thundershower

TSTM thunderstorm

TWO toward(s) TY typhoon UNK unknown VAF vast floes VAR variable

VCPK very close (10 pack ice

VEL velocity

VOPK very open

pack ice VSB visible VSBY visibility WO wide

WK weak WKN weaken WLY westerly

WNO wind

WRM warm

WRN western

WWD westward












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