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Diateza Pasiva ( Passive Voice )

Gramatica


Diateza Pasiva ( Passive Voice )



Tense /Verb  Form

Active Voice

Passive Voice

Present Simple

keeps

is kept

Present Continuous

is keeping

is being kept

Present Perfect

has kept

has been kept

Past Simple

kept

was kept

Past Continuous

was keeping

was being kept

Past Perfect 333c221d

had kept

had been kept

Future

will  keep

will be kept

Conditional

would keep

would be kept

Perfect Conditional

would have kept

would have been kept

Present Infinitive

to keep

to be kept

Perfect Infinitive

to have kept

to have been kept

Present Participle / gerund

keeping

being kept

Perfect Participle

having kept

having been kept

Diateza pasiva se formeaza de regula :

to be + V 3 / -ed

  • The poem is read by me .
  • A nice house was build in our street .
  • The dress has been bought by my sister .

Mather washes the child . ( diateza activa )

The child is washed by mother . ( diateza pasiva )

The pupil is solving a problem . ( diateza activa )

The problem is being solved by the pupil . ( diateza pasiva )

We have sent for a doctor . ( diateza activa )

A doctor has been sent for . (diateza pasiva )

You can't speak to him . ( diateza activa )

He can't be spoken to . ( diateza pasiva )

Atunci cānd verbul din propozitia activa are 2 complemente , unul direct si unul indirect , ambele complemente pot deveni subiecte ale propozitiilor pasive :

Mother told the children a story . ( diateza activa )

A story was told to the children . ( diateza pasiva )

The children were told a story . ( diateza pasiva )

Verbele to have , to get , pot fi folosite cu īnteles cauzativ si cu nuanta de pasiv , īn constructii īn care arata ca altcineva si nu subiectul face actiunea , iar complementul direct o sufera .

I had my hair cut . - M-am tuns ( la coafor )

She had her dress cleaned . - si-a curatat rochia ( la spalatorie )

Where do you get your shoes mended - Unde-ti repari pantofii

Verbul to get poate fi folosit īn locul verbului to be ( auxiliar ) .

The tourists got caught by a storm . ( were caught ) .


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