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Let's go Out for Dinner

grammar




Chapter 6 :





Let's go Out for Dinner!

Food Vocabulary

Fruits :

Watermelon pineapple Tomato? (juice) Lemon (yellow)

Banana Grapes Lime (green) Cantaloupe

Mandarin Coconut Mango Raspberry Pear Strawberry

Vegetables :

Corn carrot chili pepper cabbage

Onion avocado

Mushroom

Protein :

Steak  Hotdog Shrimp Hamburger

Chicken  Cheese Peanut Eggs

Roast Turkey Duck Beans Lentils Lamb

Breads and Cereals :

Bread Spaghetti Muffin

Wheat Oatmeal Muffins Cereal Rice Pasta Cake

Review the vocabulary and answer the following questions in class:

What is your favorite fruit ?

What is your favorite vegetable ?

What is your favorite protein ?

What is your favorite bread or cereal ?

Reading Comprehension

Meals in My Family

In most families, you eat three meals a day. Breakfast is usually the first meal of the day, between 7 a.m. and 9 a.m. Lunch is around noon and supper, which is also called dinner, is about 6 p.m. A lot of people have snacks during the day between their main meals. In school, students usually have "recess" in the morning and in the afternoon. This is the time they usually eat snacks. In the workplace, employees often have a "coffee break" in the morning around 10 a.m. and again in the afternoon around 2 p.m.

What is a typical meal in my family? Well, for breakfast, we usually drink coffee, tea or juice. We like to eat toast with jam or peanut butter. Sometimes, we have milk and cereal, and in the winter we often eat oatmeal because it's nice and hot. On the weekends, when we get up later and have more time to prepare a meal. We like to eat eggs and bacon or pancakes and syrup. Canada is famous for it's delicious maple syrup.

When a meal is a combination of breakfast and lunch, we call this "brunch". Many Canadian families enjoy brunch on the weekends. In fact, a lot of restaurants have special brunches on Saturdays and Sundays.

Lunch is normally the second meal of the day, and in my family it consists of soup, sandwiches and salads. For dessert, we usually have a piece of fruit , mainly; bananas, apples or oranges. Sometimes, people will eat hotdogs, hamburgers, pizza, French fries or other fast food delights, especially if you go out for lunch.

For dinner, we usually have a salad, sometimes some soup, and a main dish of meat, poultry or fish along with some potatoes or rice and some vegetables. For dessert, we usually have cake, pie or fruit, and we finish with some coffee or tea.

Every culture has different customs, for example in Mexico, they also eat three meals a day but at very different times. Their breakfast is usually around the same time as ours but lunch is between 2 p.m. and 4 p.m. Their dinner is normally between 8p.m. and 10 p.m. The type of food is also quite different. Their food is much spicier than ours. They eat a lot of beans, tortillas, and chili with their food.

The Japanese also eat three meals a day, but they eat entirely different types of food. For example, they enjoy soup, rice and fish in the morning along with some fresh green vegetables. They often take boxed lunches to work or school, which include seaweed with rice, tofu and fish. Sometimes the fish is raw which is called "sushi". Many Japanese enjoy green tea, which is quite bitter and very healthy.

Vocabulary: Discuss the new vocabulary in the class

meal breakfast lunch dinner/supper

typical recess coffee break syrup

brunch fast food sushi customs

spicier boxed lunches tortillas tofu

Questions about "Meals in my Family" :

What are the names of the three main meals of the day?

What time do people usually eat these meals ?

What is a typical dinner in this family?

In the workplace, what do we call the time around 10 a.m. ?

What time do most Mexicans have lunch ?

What is a hot drink that many Japanese enjoy ?

What is your favorite meal of the day ? Why ?

8. Do you enjoy food from other countries ?

Meal Exchange :

Interview three students in the class about their typical meals. Write down the information in the chart below. Discuss it in class.

Name of the student:

Breakfast:

What time and what do you eat?

Lunch:



What time and what do you eat?

Dinner:

What time and what do you eat?

Conversation Practice :

At the Supermarket

Susan : Excuse me. Do you know where I can find the

salad dressing?

Fred Sure. It's in the second aisle, in the middle,

near the cans of vegetables.

Susan : O.K. Thanks a lot.

Donna : Hi, I'm looking for mayonnaise. Do you

know where it is ?

Gloria : I'm not too sure. I think it's in aisle 3 or 4.

It's next to the salad dressings and barbecue sauce.

Donna : Thanks Iīll look there.

Denise : Can you help me ? I can't find the herbal teas.

Joe Certainly, ma'am. The herbal teas are in aisle 6 beside the regular teas.

Denise : Really! I looked there, but I didn't see them.

Joe Oh. Let's have a look together.

Denise : Oh, I'm sorry you're right. I guess I didn't check properly. Thanks for your

help.

Joe No problem, ma'am. That's my job. Have a nice day!

Denise : Thanks, you too.

Practice the conversations above and then substitute using different items in supermarket from the shopping list below.

vinegar baking soda

ice cream pancake mix

bacon cream cheese

yogurt hamburger buns

ketchup pasta

milk coffeemate

hamburger meat garbage bags

orange juice lettuce

eggs onions

paper towels dishwashing detergent


The Healthy Nut Cafe

Menu

Appetizers  Main Course/Entrees

Garlic bread  1.75 All the meals include rice,

Smoked salmon 4.95 baked potato or French-fries.

Caesar salad 3.95

Vegetable soup 2.50 Baked Sole 11.99

Green salad 2.25 Hamburger 7.95

Spinach salad 3.95 All-dressed pizza 7.50

Minestrone soup 2.50 Spaghetti and meatballs 8.95

Lentil soup 2.50 Vegetarian lasagna 7.95

Barbecue chicken 8.95

Vegetable stir-fry 8.95

Side Orders Chicken stir-fry 9.95

French-fries  1.75

Coleslaw 1.25

Extra bread 1.00 Desserts

Extra barbecue sauce  1.00 Apple pie 2.95

Chocolate cake 3.25

Rice pudding 1.75

Beverages Oatmeal cookies 1.25

Soft drinks 1.50 Strawberry shortcake 4.25

Milk 1.25 Chocolate mousse 2.95

Juice 1.50 Ice cream 1.75

Coffee 1.25

Tea 1.25 Daily Special :

Beer 2.75 Includes an appetizer, an entree,

Wine (glass)  3.50 (except the Baked Sole) a dessert

Class Activity In small groups have the students design their own menus and determine their own prices.

Read the menu on the previous page and answer these questions.

How much does baked sole cost at The Healthy Nut Cafe ?

Do they have a daily special ? What does it include ?

Do you think the prices are reasonable at this cafe ? Why ? Why not ?

How many different types of desserts do they have ?

Do you think they have a good variety of food ?

How much would a full course meal cost at The Healthy Nut Cafe ?

Complete the following sentences :

A hamburger is $ _________________ at this cafe.

All the main courses include __________ ______ ____ _______ .

A side order of French fries costs ___________________ .

There are __________ different choices of beverages at The Healthy Nut Cafe.

There are _________ vegetarian meals on the menu.

Conversation Practice :

At Home :

Roger:   Boy, Iīm tired and hungry.

Pete : Me, too. Letīs go out for dinner to The Healthy Nut Cafe.

Roger :  Great idea. I love their vegetarian lasagna.

Pete : I prefer their chicken stir-fry. It has lots of vegetables and chicken chunks in an excellent Cajun sauce.

Roger :  Let's go, my mouth is watering just thinking about it.

At the Cafe :

Waitress :  Hi, Iīm Wendy and Iīll be your waitress

tonight. Here are your menus.

Roger : Thanks, but I already know what I want.

What about you, Pete ?

Pete : Yeah, I think Iīll have the usual, chicken

stir-fry please with rice.

Waitress : Good choice, and for you sir ?

Roger : Iīd like the vegetarian lasagna please.

Waitress : Oh, Iīm sorry sir. We just sold our last piece. Would you like something else ?

Perhaps the vegetarian stir-fry ?

Roger : Sure, I guess that's the second best choice.

Waitress : Would you like rice, potatoes or French fries with that ?

Roger : Rice please. Could we have two beers with that ?

Waitress : Sure, Iīll be back with your order.

Role Play :

A: In groups of two or three, using the Healthy Nut menu, act out the same situation ordering your favorite food.

B: Now act out a situation where the waitress makes a mistake and doesnīt bring you want you ordered.

C: Now act out a situation where you have been waiting for your food for a long time and you are in a hurry.

Grammar Tip



When we want to tell someone to do something we use the base form of the verb. This is called the imperative.

Ex. "Come here and look at this !"

Go away ! I am trying to study.

Please stop that !

Have a great time !

We make the negative by adding DONīT before the verb.

Ex. Donīt run in the living room.

Stay right here ! Donīt go anywhere!

Donīt be so crazy. You know I love you.

You can also use LETīS when you make a suggestion to do something with someone else.

Ex. Letīs go out for dinner.

Letīs make pancakes for breakfast.

Letīs buy some carrots and make a carrot soup.

The negative of letīs is LETīS NOT

Ex.   Letīs not go to your motherīs on Sunday.

Letīs not spend our money on a new computer.

Letīs not buy the first home we see.

*Note : Letīs = Let us ( Let you and I)

In partners, practice using let's + verb to make suggestions to each other. Then use the negative form and the imperative.


Simple Past Tense of Regular Verbs

All regular verbs take the ending ED when we use the simple past tense. When we talk about a specific moment in the past, an action that started and finished in the past, we use the simple past tense.

Construction :

Subject

Verb + ED

Sentence

I

work + ed

I worked at Bell Canada ten years ago.

You

study + ed

You studied French in high school.

She

play + ed

She played basketball with my sister.

He

listen + ed

He listened to music when he was a child.

We

talk + ed

We talked a lot on the phone last week.

They

clean +ed

They cleaned the house yesterday.

Pronunciation of Regular Past Tense Verbs :

Last letter sound

Example

ED - Pronunciation

vowels : a, i, e, o

played - "a", skied - "e"

slowed - "o" sighed - "i"

d

b

robbed, grabbed

d

c

danced

t

d

decided

ed

f

laughed, coughed

t

g

bugged

d

k

kicked

t

l

pulled

d

m

climbed

d

n

listened

d

p

stopped

t

r

steered

d

s

kissed

t

t

started

id

v

waved

d

w

plowed

d

z

buzzed

d

ch

watched

t

sh

finished

t

Exercises

Complete the sentences using the simple past tense of one of the following verbs:

rain  play end study

call fix arrive greet

open want live close

Yesterday morning, I ______________ the Christmas lights.

We ____________ a movie last night.

My sister _____________ me from Japan.

When I was a child, I ____________ to be a movie star.

My father ____________ golf last Sunday.



Lynn _____________ literature in university.

When we ___________ at the party, everyone _______ us.

The room was so hot that we ____________ the window to get some air.

The Samuels ____________ in California for 3 years.

The concert ___________ at 10:30.

She ___________ the door.

It was a terrible weekend. It ____________ all the time.

Past Tense of Some Irregular Verbs :

Unfortunately, there is no easy way to learn the past tense of irregular verbs except to memorize them through practice. We will learn them as we progress through this book. Since this chapter is about food, we will learn the irregular verbs that correspond to this topic.

Simple Present

Simple Past

am / are / is : I am very hungry. You are a student. He is Mexican

was / were : I was in Toronto last week.

We were at the restaurant.

have : I have a lot of work to do.

had : She had soup for lunch.

drink : We drink four cups of coffee a day.

drank : We drank two cups of coffee this morning.

go: They go to the movies every Friday.

went They went to Mexico for 5 months.

see : We see our friends every weekend.

saw : I saw my father last Sunday.

do : I do an hour of homework every night

did : She did her homework last night.

eat I eat breakfast every morning.

ate : I ate a delicious breakfast .

make : My husband makes an excellent lasagna.

made : Yesterday, my mother and I made a cake for my brother's birthday.

Write it !

Write 6 sentences using the irregular verbs on the last page.

Question Form of the Past Tense ( Regular and Irregular Verbs)

The interrogative of the past tense always requires the auxiliary DID except for the verb TO BE which does not take an auxiliary.

Did

Main verb in the Present

Example

Did

eat

Did she eat breakfast this morning ?

Did

have

Did you have a good night sleep ?

Did

drink

Did they have anything to drink ?

Was

Was he home last night ?

Were

Were you at McDonaldīs yesterday ?

Negative form of the Past Tense

We use the same principle as in the present tense. In other words, we use the auxilary DID + NOT + THE MAIN VERB in the present.

Subject

Verb

Example

Julie

did not eat

Julie didnīt eat supper tonight.

Sam and I

did not drink

Sam and I didnīt drink at the party.

I

did not have

I didnīt have a good time at the concert.

John and Sue

did not enjoy

John and Sue didnīt enjoy the movie.

Exercises :

A : Fill in the blanks using the question and negative form of the past tense.

1. ___________ you ___________ dinner at 7 oīclock ? (question : to eat)

2. Michael ________ _________ ___________ his homework. (negative : to finish)

3. _________ Bonnie at the office late ? (question : to be)

4. I _________ __________ __________ you when I arrived home.(negative : to call)

5. _________ Allan ________ you at the restaurant ? (question : to see)

B: Construct your own sentences using the following :

1. (question : to drink) __________ ______ ____ _____ _______ ______ _______

(negative : to work) __________ ______ ____ _____ _______ ______ _______

(negative : to study) __________ ______ ____ _____ _______ ______ _______

(question : to have) __________ ______ ____ _____ _______ ______ ________

Rap up

Dean : I feel stuffed*. I ate a huge meal at lunch.

Sheila : Really ? What did you eat ?

Dean : I ate a seafood platter of fish, shrimps and muscles with rice, green beans, a salad, dessert and a coffee.

Sheila : Wow ! That really was a lot of food. I drank some herbal tea, I didnīt eat very much at lunch.

Dean : What did you have ?

Sheila : I had a cheese sandwich and some vegetable soup with crackers.

Dean : Are you on a diet, Sheila ?

Sheila : No, I wasnīt very hungry. I had a big breakfast.

Dean : I never eat breakfast. I usually drink a cup of coffee in the morning.

Sheila : Oh, I always have toast, cereal, juice and sometimes I eat eggs and ham.

Dean : I guess we have very different eating habits.

Sheila : Thatīs for sure ! See you later, Dean.

Dean : Yeah, bye Sheila. See you tomorrow

* to feel stuffed means to feel full of food.

Practice the conversation using the past and present tenses. Then substitute using your own eating habits into the conversation



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