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The Family Tree

grammar




ALTE DOCUMENTE

CAN and COULD - Verbe Modale
MODUL SUBJONCTIV
PRACTICAL ENGLISH GRAMMAR EXERCISES
COMMUNICATION: REQUESTS. REQUESTS FOR REPETITION. VOLITION.
GRAMMAR: PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS
The subjunctive
WHO vs. WHICH vs. THAT
101 like / liked + gerund
The Family Tree




Chapter 2




The Family Tree

To Have

This is another very important verb in English. We use it to tell people about our families, our possessions (ex. car, book, room)., to describe things or people etc.

Simple Present Tense

I

have

You

have

She

has

He

has

It

has

We

have

You

have

They

have

* He, She and It take the verb form has all the others take have

A : about family

Vocabulary :

mother

father

sister

brother


grandmother

grandfather

husband

wife


mother-in-law

father-in-law

brother-in-law

uncle

aunt

cousin

niece

nephew

son daughter

Ex.   I have one brother and two sisters. Everyone has a mother and a father.

I have three cousins I have four aunts and three uncles.

What about you ? ? ? ? ?

How many relatives do you have ?

I have  a ____________ and a __________ .

I have ______ aunts and _______ uncles.

I have  ______ cousins.

I have  ______ sisters and _______ brothers.

Question Formation

Do

I

have

Do

you

have

Does

she

have

Does

he

have

Does

it

have

Do

we

have

Do

you

have

Do

they

have

Notice we use the verb to do in question formation with all verbs other than To Be in the present tense. Also, the verb to do takes an s instead of the verb to have in the 3rd person (he, she and it)

Ex Does she have a sister ?

Not Do she has a sister ?

Key Question : Do you have any brothers ? How many sisters do you have ?

Practice asking and answering questions about your families.

*Class activity : Bring in a picture of your family and talk about it

Yes and No Questions : Practice

Do you have any brothers and sisters ? Yes, I have ________ brother(s) and _________ sister(s) .

D_____ you ______ any aunts and uncles ? Yes, I ______ ______ uncle(s) and

_________ aunt (s) .

Make up questions of

your own using real

examples in your own

family.



Grammar Tip :

Use of a / an with nouns.

As you noticed in Chapter 1 with " I am a doctor." or " She is an architect." We use what are called articles in English for certain singular nouns.

The rule is if the noun begins with a vowel ( A,E,I,O,U ) we must use AN but if the noun begins with a consonant (all other letters) we

must use A.

Study these three lists.

an actress a dentist a big egg

an egg a bicycle a good day

an ice cream a car a nice hat

an orange a knife a pretty sister

an umbrella a teacher an intelligent student

an opera a mechanic an interesting movie

an apple a brother a handsome man

an earring a vacation a terrible mother-in-law

Now substitute into the following sentences :

He is _____ engineer It is ____ beautiful day. She has ____ niece.

Philip is ___ musician. Dorothy has ____ daughter. It is ____ expensive car.

Jim is ___ wonderful husband but Mary is ___ terrible wife.

Contractions :

do not don't

does not doesn't

I have I've

He has He's *

She has She's *

It has It's *

You have You've

We have We've

They have They've

Be careful not to confuse it is = its with it has = its

she is = shes with she has = shes

he is = hes with he has = hes

Conversation Practice Practice and then use your own information.

Julie : Hi, Bill. Do you want to see a picture of my family ?

Bill :  Sure, that would be great.

Julie : Here it is. These are my parents. This is my brother, Todd. These are my sisters Cindy and Wendy.

Bill : What a nice family ! Who are these people ?

Julie : Oh, that's my friend, William and his girlfriend , Liz. Do you have a picture of your family?

Bill : Sure, but it's at home.

Julie : Do you have a big family ?

Bill : Well, I have one sister and one brother so there are five people in my family. We have a lot of fun together.

Julie : Yeah, we do too. Well, I have to go now. . See you later.

Bill : O.K., Bye.

Cultural Note : Yeah is a common form in English to mean Yes. Oh usually expresses surprise. Hi or Hello are common greetings and Bye, See you later, Take care, Good bye are common expressions for departure.


The Relatives :

Use this vocabulary to complete the following sentences :

niece uncle cousin grandmother father-in-law son

a) My aunt's son is my ________________ .

b) My sister's daughter is my ________________

c) My husband's father is my  ________________ .

d) My mother's mother is my  ________________

e) My husband's son is my  ________________ .

f) My father's brother is my  ________________ .

B: about possessions


Colours :

yellow

white 

blue

red

pink

purple 

orange

green gray

black

brown

Ex. I have yellow, green, red and blue paints.

I have a purple dress.

She has an orange hat.

Ex. I have a car. It `s black . I have a black car.

Do you have a car ? Yes, I do. It's yellow.

Yes, I have a yellow one.


Yes, I have a Volkswagen (Beetle/Bug.)

What kind of car do you have ?

I have a Volkswagen (Beetle Bug Vocho)

I have a yellow car. NOT

I I have a car yellow.

*Adjectives always go before nouns.

Shapes :

Rectangular Diamond

Oval Square box Round bowling ball

Ex. The plate is round and the cake is triangular.



Name something you have that is .

round _____ _______ ______ _________

square ________________

triangular  _________________

Recap : Practice the following sentences with HAVE :

Do you have a boyfriend / girlfriend ? Yes, I have a/an ______________

Do you have a pet (dog or cat) ? Yes, I have a/an ______________

Do you have an interesting job ? Yes, I have a/an ______________

Do you have any children ? Yes, I have a/an ______________

Do you have a bicycle ? Yes, I have a/an ______________

Do you have a television ? Yes, I have a/an ______________

Do you have a garden ? Yes, I have a/an ______________

*Practice making questions with do and asking your classmates. If you are a small group you can practice with the teacher.

Write it !

Write down five interesting questions you would like to ask someone. Then choose five people in the class to ask your questions to. If the class is very small you can ask the teacher.

C: to describe people or things.

Adjective Order

number

size

color/shape

where from

what it's made of

noun

one

big

brown

Mexican

wooden

statue

three

large

round

Canadian

glass

bowls

Review Vocabulary

Colors Shapes adjectives Nationalities Materials

red round big Chinese metal

blue square small Turkish paper

green rectangular tall French glass

white triangular short Spanish leather

black oval heavy Guatemalan cloth

yellow light Peruvian rubber

orange crazy German clay

purple old Japanese plastic

pink young Thai wooden

brown cheap Australian cardboard

gray expensive Swedish porcelain

Describe the following pictures using the adjectives in order and make a sentence for each one. Discuss your answers with the class.

Ex. The big gray Indian elephant is in the zoo.

1 2 3

__________ ______ ____ ________________

__________ ______ ____ _________________

3. __________ ______ ____ _________________

Class Activity : Find pictures in magazines and describe them to the class. You can also play 21 questions with the class. The class has to ask you questions about your pictures using the new vocabulary. They are only allowed to ask yes or no questions to try to determine what your picture is. It must be a person, place or thing.










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