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Auxiliary Verbs (Verbe auxiliare)

Gramatica




Auxiliary Verbs (Verbe auxiliare)


~ au urmatoarele caracteristici:




- sunt complet lipsite de continut lexical

- indeplinesc functia de marca a categoriilor gramaticale de diateza, mod, timp, persoana si numar la verbele pe care le insotesc: She was offered flowers( I s-au oferit flori)

- inlocuiesc verbele otionale in raspunsurile scurte: A: Do you like books?

B: Yes, I do

- din punct de vedere al pronuntarii si ortografiei, verbele auxiliare apar adesea sub forme reduse, contrase, folosirea acestor forme contrase fiind folosite in vorbirea curenta

- formele contrase - constau in scurtarea verbelor auxiliare la forma afirmativa si a negatiei not la forma negativa: I've got a book.

I haven't got a book.

Forme verbale contrase

verb

forma contrasa

have

've

has/is

's

had/should/would

'd

am

'm

are

're

shall/will

'll

do not

don't

does not

doesn't

did not

didn't

cannot

can't



could not

couldn't

must not

mustn't

have not

haven't

had not

hadn't

is not

isn't

are not

aren't

was not

wasn't

were not

weren't

shall not

shan't

should not

shouldn't

will not

won't

would not

wouldn't

am not/is not

ain't

Observatie

- formele contrase ale verbelor auxiliare la afirmativ nu pot fi folosite in: raspunsuri scurte si in propozitii interogative

- unele verbe auxiliare (will/would, shall/should, may/might) pot fi folosite si ca verbe modale

Ex: You should see this film (Trebuie sa vezi acest film)



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