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Numeralul (The Numeral)

Gramatica




Numeralul (The Numeral)

Numerale cardinale sl ordinale











r

Numeral

Cardinal

nought, naught

zero sau cipher

Pronuntare

Cifra araba

Cifra romana

Numeral ordinal

Pronuntare

Cifra

[no:t]

['ziarau] sau C'saifa]






one

[w/vn]


l

(the) first

[f3:st]

1st

two

[tu:]


II

second

seknd]

2nd sau 2d

three

[Ori:]


III

third

[Gard]

3rd sau 3d

four

[fo:]


IV

fourth

[fo:8]

4th

five

[faiv]


V

fifth

[fif9]

5th

six

[siks]


VI

sixth

[siksB]

6th

seven

['sevn]


VII

seventh

['sevnG]

7th

eight

[eit]


VIII

eighth

[eitG]

8th

nme

[nain]


IX

ninth

[nainS]

9th

ten

[ten]


X

tenth

[tenG]

10th

eleyen

[i'levn]


XI

eleventh

[i'levn

11th

twelye
Ihirtgen
fourteen____
Wteen

[twelv]


XII

twelfth

[twelfG]

12th

['e3:'ti:nl


XIII

thirteenth

['e3:'ti:n9]

13th

['fD:'ti:n]


XIV

fourteenth

['fo:'ti:ne]

14th

[Tifti:nl


XV

fifteenth

[Tiftirne]

15th

sixteen__^ seventeen__ eiahteen___^

['siks'tirnl


XVI

sixteenth

['siks'ti:n9]

16th

['sevn'ti:nl


XVII

seventeenth

['sevn'ti:n6]

17th

['ei'ti.-nl


XVIII

eighteenth

['ei'ti:ne]

18th

5!Qeteen____

['nain'tirnl


XIX

nineteenth

['nain'ti:n6]

19th

]wenty___^

['twentil


XX

twenlieth

f'twentiiG]

20th

^nty^one__

J'twenti:wAn]


XXI

twenty-first

['twenti'farst]

21th

^enty-two

['twenti'tu:]


XXII

twenty-second

['twenti

^m

22nd      sau



Numeral cardinal

Pronuntare

Cifra araba

Cifra romana

Numeral ordinal

Pronuntare

Cifra

twenty-three

['twenti'Gri:]


XXIII

twenty-third

['twenti'Qs-.d]

23rd        "^

twenty-four

f'twenti'fo:]


XXIV

twenty-fourth

f'twenti'fo:81

24th ^~~^

twenty-five

['twenti'faiv]


XXV

twenty-fifth

['twenti'fifB]

25th        ~^

twenty-six

f'twenti'siks]


XXVI

twenty-sixth

['twenti'siksG]

26th ^~~^

twenty-seven

['twenty'sevn]


XXVII

twenty-seventh

f'twenti'sevnS]

27th         ""

twenty-eight

['twenti'eit]


XXVIII

twenty-eighth

['twenti'eitG]

28th      ~~~"

twenty-nine

f'twenti-'nain]


XXIX

twenty-ninth

['twenti'nainG]

29th

thirty

['63:ti]


XXX

thirtieth

['Ga.-tiiG]

30th

thirty-one

['Ga-.ti'wAn]


XXXI

thirty-first

['63:ti'f3:st]

31 st

thirty-two

f'ea.-ti'tu:]


XXXII

thirty-second

f'Garti'seknd]

32nd sau 32d

forty

rfo:tn


XL

fortieth

['fo.-tiiG]

40th

forty-one

f'fbrti'wAn]


XLI

forty-first

['fo:ti'f3:st]

41 st

forty-two

f'farti'tu:]


XLII

forty-second

['fo.-ti'seknd]

42nd sau 426

fifty

f'fifti]


L

fiftieth

['fiftiiG]

50th

sixty

f'siksti]


LX



sixtieth

f'sikstiiG]

60th

seventy

['sevnti]


LXX

seventieth

f'sevntiiG]

70th

eighty

feiti]


LXXX

eightieth

['eitiiO]

80th

ninety

f'nainti]


XC

ninetieth

f'naintiiG]

90th

one hundred

['wAn'hAndrid]


C

(one) hundredth

[(wAn)'hAndridG

100th

one   hundred and one

['wAn'hAndrid snd'wAn]


CI

(one) hundred and first

[(wAn)'hAndrid an 'fast]

101 st

one   hundred and two

['wad 'hAndridan'tu:]


Cil

(one) hundred and second

[(wAn)'hAndrid an'seknd]

102nd    sau 102d

two hundred

f'tu:'hAndrid]


CC

two hundredth

['tu:'hAndrid0]

200th   

three hundred

['6ri:'hAndrid]


CCC

three hundredth

['Grir'hAndridG]

SOOth

four hundred

['frx'hAndrid]


CD

four hundredth

['fo'hAndridG]

400th   

five hundred

['faiv'hAndrid]


D

five hundredth

['faiv'hAndridO]

SOOth   .

six hundred

r.siks'hAndrid]


DC

six hundredth

f'siks'hAndridG]

600th _

seven hundred

['sevn'hAndrid]


DCC

seven hundredth

>evn'hAndrid6]

700th

eight hundred

['eit:'hAndrid]


DCCC

eight hundredth

''eit'hAndridG]

aooth

nine hundred

''nain'hAndrid]


CM

nine hundredth

['nain'hundridG]

900th ^

one thousand

VAti'Gauznd]


M

(one) housandth

^(wAn)'8auznd6]

1,000th

two thousand

'tu:'6auznd]


MM

wo thousandth

f'tu:'6auznd6]

2,OOOth_^J


Numeral ordinal

Pronuntare

Cifra araba

Cifra romana

Numeral ordinal

Pronuntare

Cifra

five )hnusanu

['faiv'9auznd]


V

five thousandth

['faiv'eauznd6]

5,000th

ttluu^^L:

n thousand

f'ten'Gauznd]


X

ten thousandth

['ten'6auznd6]

10,000th

one hundred thousand___

['wAn'hAndrid 0auznd]


C

(one) hundred thousandth

[(wAn)'hAndrid '6auznd9]

100,000th

one million

[VAn'miljan]


M

(one) millionth

[(wAn)'miijan6]


th

NOT : Datele se exprima n engleza cu numeralul ordinal:

£x.: The fi'rsf (dayj of January sau January the (irst

Asadar:

1/r   of January 1992

Z1 1 January 1992

Indiferent cum se scrie, se citeste:

The f irst of January 1992

3/ January 1   ' 1992

4/ January 1, 1992

Am ndoua se citesc January the f irst, iar n engleza americana uneori January one.

august 1992 se poate scrie n engleza 2.8.1992, iar n americana nt i luna).

Numeralul multiplicativ

1/ once [wads] = o data

2/ twice [twais] = de doua ori

two times = de doua ori (forma americana ocazionala

NOT De la trei n sus, numeralul multi­plicativ se formeaza din cel cardinal + cimes (ori)

three times = de trei ori

four times = de patru ori

7 a hundred times = de o suta de ori nmultirile se exprima astfel:

1 x 1 = (1) = once one s one
~ 2
x 2 = (4) = twice two is four

10 x 10 = (100)   = ten times ten is one

Numeralul iterativ sau repetitiv

(for) the first time = (pentru) prima data (for) the second time = (pentru) a doua

oara

(for) the third time = (pentru) a treia oara (for) the fourth time = (pentru) a patra oara (for) the fifth time (etc.) = (pentru) a cincea

oara etc.

Numeralul adverbial


first(ly) = n primul r nd

second(ly) n al doilea r nd *

third(ly) n al treilea r nd >

fourth(ly) = n al patrulea r nd fifth(ly) = n al cincilea r nd etc.

Numeralul nehotar t-distributiv (adjectival, fractional)

much [mAtfl = mult, multa

how much ['hau 'mAt]"] = c t, c ta (mult, multa

so much ['sau 'mAtJ] = at t, at ta (mult, multa

not so much ['not sau 'mAtJ] = nu at t(a) (mult, multa

foo much ['tu: 'mAtJ] = prea mult, multa

many ['meni] = multi, multe

how many [hau 'meni] = cāti, c te (multi, multe)

so many [sau 'meni] = atāti, at tea (de multi, multe)

nof so many [not sau 'meni] = nu at t(ea) (de multi, multe)

(oo many [tu: 'meni] = prea multi, multe

severa/ ['sevrl] = mai multi, mai multe (necomparat, nedefinit)

severa/ days = mai multe zile

tens of books = zeci de carti

hundreds of people = sute de oameni

millions ofstars = milioane de stele

Numerale distributive

one by one = unul c te unul (sau una c te

una)

two by two = doi c te doi (sau doua c te

doua

three by three = trei c te trei

one after another = unul dupa altul

one atatime = (c te) unul o data

two at a time = (c te) doi (doua) deodata

three at a time = (c te) trei deodata

every dayl second = n fiecare zi/ moment

every moment/ minute/ night/ = n fiecare

moment / minut / noapte

every week/ month/ year = n fiecare

saptam na / luna / an

every century = n fiecare secol

every two days - every other/ second day

la fiecare doua zile, din doua n doua zile

every other Thursday = din doua n joi, joia din doua n doua saptam ni

Numerale fractionale

one whole [wAn'hsul] = un ntreg one half [wAn'ha:f] = o jumatate one quarter [wAn'kworts] = un sfert one third [wAn'Gsrd] = 1/3 two thirds [tu:'63:dz] = 2/3 one fifth [wArTfit three fifths [eri'fifBs] = 3/5 onesixth [wAn'siksS] = 1/6 three sixths [9ri:'sik6s] = 3/6 onetenth [wAn'tenO] =1/10 two tenths [tu:'ten6s] =2/10

NOT Virgula de la zecimalele rom nesti e punct la cele englezesti si invers:

rom na

engleza



1.5 (one point five, one and a half]



100,000 (one hundred thousand)



(La ani nu se pune virgula











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