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PIMSLEURS SPEAK AND READ ESSENTIAL SPANISH I

grammar




**PIMSLEURS SPEAK AND READ ESSENTIAL SPANISH I

NOT PERFECT BUT CLOSE ENOUGH!

PLEASE FEEL FREE TO CHANGE ANY MISTAKES YOU FIND.

NUMBERS WERE OMITTED FROM EACH LESSON HIGHLIGHT BECAUSE THE FULL LIST IS NEAR THE TOP OF THESE NOTES, UNDER THE ALPHABET.




SPANISH ALPHABET

Concentrate mostly on memorizing the vowels. Unlike English, in Spanish they only make 1 sound, even if they have marks above them.

A, a (makes the "ah" sound from car)

B, b (mostly normal "b" but sometimes makes a "v" sound)

C, c (always makes a "k" sound or the "c" in cat unless it comes before an e or i. Then it makes a "s" sound.

Ch, ch (you say [chay] for words ending with ch, so branch is [bran-chay])

D, d

E, e (e from bed)

F, f 

G, g

H, h (always silent)

I, i (makes a upper case "E" sound like in the word Bee)

J, j (makes a "h" sound, but not as pronounced)

K, k

L, l

Ll, ll (becomes a "y" sound) (Castellano sounds like Casteyano)

M, m

N, n

, ñ (sounds like a "y" is added after the "n") (cañon would sound like "canyon")

O, o (makes a upper case "O" sound) (o from bone)

P, p

Q, q (makes a "k" sound, same as in English)

R, r (makes kind of a "d" sound an 22322i87w d sometimes a "dl" sound)

R, rr (R that starts a word or double "rr" in middle of word is the famous r-r-r-rroll sound called trill.

S, s

T, t

U, u (makes a "ooh" sound) (take the "y" off "you" = ooh)

V, v (sounds like a low case "b", but not always as clear as a "b")

W, w 

X, x

Y, y

Z, z (makes a "s" sound)

SPANISH NUMBERS

Concentrate on 1-19, know them by heart, and the rest come easy.

0 cero [see-roe]

1 uno [ooh-no]

2 dos [dose]

3 tres [t'dace], said fast.

4 cuatro [qua-t'doe]

5 cinco [seen-ko]

6 seis [say-ss]

7 siete [sea-et-E]

8 ocho [oh-choe]

9 nueve [new-wevey]

10 diez [dee-S]

11 once [own-see]

12 doce [doe-see]

13 trece [t'day-see]

14 catorce [cuh-tore-see]

15 quince [keen-say]

16 diecisies [dee-S-E-say-ss]

(meaning 10 and 6, the E means "and" - See lesson 3)

17 diecisiete [dee-S-E-sea-etty]

18 dieciocho [dee-S-E-oh-choe]

19 diecinueve [dee-S-E-new-wevey]

20 veinte [ben-tay]

22 [ben-tee-dose] Note that the 20s are the only ones thru 100 that you say "tee" in the middle of the number, the rest will sound like "tie")

30 treinta [t'denta]

32 [t'den-tie-dose]

40 cuarenta [qua-denta]

42 [qua-den-tie-dose]

50 cincuenta [seen-quenta]

52 [seen-quen-tie-dose]

60 sesenta [se-sen-tah]

62 [sesen-tie-dose]

70 setenta [se-ten-tah]

72 [se-ten-tie-dose]

80 ochenta [oh-chen-tah]

82 [oh-chen-tie-dose]

90 noventa [no-ven-tah]

92 [no-ven-tie-dose]

100 cien [see-N] only for 100 exactly.

101 cientouno [see-N-toe ooh-no] and ciento for all others.

200 doscientos [dose see-N-tose] the rest are obvious.

300 trescientos

400 cuatrocientos

500 quinientos

600 seiscientos

700 sietecientos

800 ochocientos

900 nuevecientos, etc etc

1,000 mil [meel]

(not quite like the word "meal", but shorter and faster)

2,000 dos mil

3,000 tres mil, etc etc

LESSON NOTES

A capitol letter = in the brackets means you actually say that letter.

IT IS NOT TELLING YOU TO ACCENT OR PLACE STRESS ON THE WORD.

ah = Whenever you see ah together in [brackets], it is ahhh, like the sound you make when you learn something new or you are impressed, same as the a in car, NOT the a in cat. Say caaaaar and caaaaaat very slow and youll notice a big difference.

o = whenever you see the letter o in a spanish word, it always makes a upper case O sound, like saying "Oh, I see", same as in the word "bone".

= Seeing a ' on a word in brackets means (to me) to use a sort of studdered sound which leads to the next letter. Hard to explain but lets say, for the very common spanish word "gracious", meaning Thanks, which you should know and have heard pronounced before, youll see [g'dah-see-us]. Practice on that and where I placed the ' to learn this way of pronouncing some of the words. It should be said fast, so in using [g'dah-see-us] you go from the "g" to the "d" quickly so that it DOES NOT sound like you are saying [*GUH*-dah-see-us] or

[G'*DAH*-see -us]. Learn to say things with the ' kind of fast and listen to the speaker. You almost combine the two letters into one. This always appears when there is a "r" in the middle of a word. IT IS NOT TELLING YOU TO PLACE STRESS ON THAT PART OF THE WORD.

Im also too lazy to add ' on English words like I'm, don't, can't etc.. Its a pet peeve of mine. But this way you wont see so many of them that you pass the important ones. :)

fem is short for feminine.

masc is short for masculine.

*SOME WORDS DURING THE LESSONS THAT ARE NOT EXPLAINED*

escuche = [es-skoo-chae] = Listen

escuche la = [es-skoo-chee-lah] = Listen to it

(actually la OR el depending on fem/masc subject)

repeata = [re-peat-ah] = repeat

dice = [dee-say] = you say

diga = [dee-gah] = say

Cómo usted dice? = [Coe-moe-steh dee-say?] = How do you say?

contesta = [cone-tess-tay] = answer

palabra = [pah-lah-b'dah] = word

pregunte = [p'dey-goon-tae] = ask (actually means "question")

The conversations at the start of each lesson are sometimes worded the way it is being said instead of the way we would say it in English. Sometimes I put the way it was worded in (parenthesis) if I felt it was confusing.

The end of lessons 10, 13, 16, 17, 19, 20, 26, and 28 have a prep and recap section. Try to fill in the blanks in English if you can. You will notice in the first few that you cannot fill all of them in because some words have not been taught yet. Thats why it has "prepping" in the title. It is easiest to go back and do these excercises after finishing all 30 lessons.

Lesson 1

Pardon me miss. Do you understand English?

No sir, I dont understand.

I speak Spanish a little.

Are you North American?

Yes miss.

perdón = [pell-done] = pardon me, excuse me (remember long "O" only so done rhymes with bone, and NOT with bun)

señor = [seen-your] = sir

señorita = [seen-your-E-tuh] = miss or unmarried woman

sí = [see] = yes

no = no, negative, i dont, not, etc..

(covers most negative words and starts most negative sentences)

entiendo = [intiendo] = I understand

entiende = [intienday] = do you understand?, you understand

Ingleses = [een-gliss] = English

Castellano = [castayano] = Spanish

Hablo = [ah-blow] = I speak (can also sound like "ahv-low", the spanish b/v is confusing, see alphabet)

habla = [ah-blah] = you speak, do you speak? (or ahv-lah)

hablamos = [Ah-blah-mose] = we speak (from lesson 17)

poco = little

es = [S] = are

usted = [oosted] = You

usted es = [oosted es] = you are (should be said to clearly sound like 2 words or else you will say "ustedes" which is the plural form of "you". See lesson 17.)

está usted = [es oosted] = are you

[es stou sted] = are you (for some reason it sounds this way sometimes at the end of a question like "how are you?")

Norteamerican = [Nor-tee Ah-meh-dee-cah-no] = North American

Americana = [ah-meh-dee-cah-nah] = american woman (and speaking to fem)

Americano = [ah-meh-dee-cah-no] = american man (and speaking to masc)

"you" - usted, is not always used in sentences when talking to someone directly. Its optional.

Lesson 2

Sir, sir!

Yes?

Do you speak spanish sir?

no miss, excuse me, i dont speak spanish.

Do you understand Spanish a little?

Yes, a little.

Do you speak English?

Yes I speak English.

Ahh you are from North America.

Yes miss.

señora = [senyo'da] = maam, madam (married woman)

buenos días = good day, good morning, (actually good days)

día = [diah] = day

¿cómo? = how?, hows that?, etc (a famous question starter)

[comb-wes stou sted?] = how are you feeling?

[comb-es-sta?] = how are you? (most famous greeting question, very formal)

gracias = [g'dah-see-us] = thank you (said fast, g'dahseeus)

muy = [moo-E] = very

bein = [be-in] = well, fine, good, etc..

Lesson 3

Good morning sir.

Good Morning.

How are you? Well?

No maam, not very well. I dont understand spanish.

Yes, yes you understand well sir. You speak very well.

Thank you maam.

y = [E] = and

soy = [soyee] = I am

de = [dey] = from

donde = [done-dey] = where (remember long "o" sound only, so "done" rhymes with "bone", and does NOT rhyme with "bun".)

bueno = good, alright, ok, etc..

buenos tarde = [buenos tardace] = good afternoon (actually good afternoons)

buenos noche = [buenos no-chess] = good evening, good night (actually good nights)

la = the (feminine)

el = the (masculine)

las = the (feminine plural)

los = the (masculine plural)

[dey done-dey es oosted?] = Where are you from? (but asked, "from where are you?")

Lesson 4

Good evening miss. How are you? Miss? Do you understand? I am a north american, but I speak spanish a little. I am Mr Jones from Chicago. Do you understand?

No I dont understand. I am a north American from Los Angeles. Goodbye sir.

Good night miss

encantado = [in-con-tah-doe] = glad to meet you (masc)

MEANS "DELIGHTED"

encantada = [in-con-tah-dah] = glad to meet you (fem)

(OK, for the last time, ah together is always ahhh like the a in car and tardy, and NOT the a from cat or master. Say them slow to understand better and remember it)

pero = [pey-doh] = but

done-day stou sted = where are you? (OK, for the last time... DONE RHYMES WITH "BONE"!!!!!)

aquí = [ah-kee] = here, it's here

allí = [ah-yee] = there, it's there

está aquí = [estah-kee] = its here, its over here

está allí = [estah-yee] = its there, its over there

Lesson 5

Excuse/pardon me maam.

Yes sir?

Where is the Hotel Colone? (actually "Hotel Columbus" but it sounds too different so its Colone to me, haha)

The Hotel Colone is over here sir.

And the Boliva Restaurant, where is it?

Its over there.

where?

Over there, over there.

Ahhh yes, I understand. Thank you maam.

Goodbye sir.

¿sabe? = [sah-vey] = do you know?

sabemos = [sah-vey-mose] = we know (from lesson 17)

[no sah-vey-mose] = we dont know (from lesson 17)

Sé [say] = know, I know

[no say] = I dont know

por favor = [poor-fahvor] = please

tiene = you have, do you have, has (sounds like TNA)

tengo - I have, got, own

tenemos = [day-nay=mose] = we have, we own (from lesson 16)

dólare = [dough-la] = dollar

dólares = [dough-la-diss] = dollars

Lesson 6

Hi Juan.

Ahh good afternoon Maria. How are you?

Not very well Juan. Please. Do you have a peso?

No I dont have. (any)

But you have dollars, no?

Excuse me Maria. I have no pesos and no dollars.

You are North American, no?

Yes I am North American but I have no dollars.

Goodbye, Juan.

mucho = [moocho] = much, alot



cuánto? = [quanto?] = how much? How many?

pero = [peydo] = but

Quiero = [key-yay-do] = I want

¿Quiere? = [kee-yedae?] = do you want?

queremos = [kay-day-mose] = we want (from lesson 16)

está bein = [esta-vee-N] = thats fine, ok, alright, etc.

[inny] or [N-eh] = in a (said fast and sounds almost the same as "in a" in english)

Lesson 7

Maria, how many pesos do you have?

Not much Juan. 2 pesos.

But I have dollars.

But how many?

I dont know. 2, 3 Do you want a dollar?

Yes please. No I want 2.

Here, I have 2 dollars.

¿como? or [coe-moe?] = hows that? (really just means "how" but is said in question form to mean things like "hows that" or "please repeat" type of questions.

Yo = I, me (optional)

y yo = [E-yo] = and I

¿Qué? = [Kay?] = What?

[Kay kee-yedae?] -and- [Kay kee-yed-oosted?] = What do you want?

comer = [coe-mell] = eat

comemos = [coe-may-mose] = we eat from lesson 17

nada = [nah-dah] = nothing (and in sentences describing no possesion)

no tengo nada = I dont have anything.

algo = [ahl-go] = something (kind of like "I'll go" but more of a "ahhh" sound to start)

vamos = [bah-mos] = lets go/leave, (you and 1 other leaving)(actually "we go")

nos vamos = [no-ss bah-mos] = we are going/leaving (you and others leaving) from lesson 20. nos is short for nosotros, meaning we/us. see lesson 16.

Lesson 8

Hi Carlos.

Good morning Louisa. What do you want?

What do I want? I want to eat. How many pesos do you have?

Me? I have 3 pesos. Its very little. And you?

I have 5 pesos and 2 dollars.

Thats OK. Lets go eat.

a = [ah] = to

al = [ahl] = to the

beber = [bay-vel] = drink, to drink

cerveza = [sel-vase-ah] = beer

cuesta = [quay-stah] = cost (singular object)

cuestan = [ques-stun] = cost (plural objects) from lesson 13

¿Cuánto cuesta? = [quanto quay-stah?] = How much does it cost?

¿Cuánto cuestan? = [quanto ques-stun?] = How much do they cost?

NOTE: the 2 words "quanto quay-stah/quay-stun", meaning "how much does it/they cost?" are almost always used together regardless of how it is said in English.

EXAMPLES:

How much does 1 beer cost? = [quanto quay-stah uno sel-vase-ah?]

How much do 8 beers cost? = [quanto quay-stun ocho sel-vase-ahs?]

Notice how you are saying, "How much does it cost, 1 beer?" and "How much do they cost, 8 beers?"

u = [O] or [oh] = or

baño = [bon-yo] = bathroom

Lesson 9

Good afternoon Maria.

I want to eat something. And you?

No I dont want to eat. But I want to drink something.

A beer?

Yes please.

How much does it cost for a beer, do you know?

Yes I know. A beer costs 3 dollars. 2 beers cost 6 dollars.

6 dollars? But I dont have 6 dollars.

How much do you have?

5 dollars.

Thats OK Juan, I have 1 dollar.

Very well, lets go to the restaurant.

Voy = [Boy-uh] = Im going (said fast and the "uh" part is barely heard)

va = [Bah] = you are going, are you going, etc

vayamos = [Bah-mos] = Lets go, we are going, (you and company leaving) from Lesson 7

van = [bah-n] = they are going (plural leaving, but not you) from lesson 18

[K bah bay-vel oosted?] = What are you going to drink? (note no "ah" for the word "to" and "you" at the end of the sentence is optional.)

paga = [pah-gah] = you pay

Pago = [pah-go] = I pay

dinero = [De-nedo] = money

sólo = only, alone, solo, etc.. (masc)

sóla = only, alone, solo, etc.. (fem) (from lesson 15, explained in lesson 16)

tiempo = time (used when refering to "not enough time", or "too much time", etc. But NOT about the actual time of day.)

minuto = [me-new-toe] = minute

Lesson 10

Good morning miss. How are you?

Very well, to where are you going sir?

Im going to the restaurant, and you?

I dont know where im going.

Do you want to eat something?

Yes please.

Good. Lets go to eat and drink a beer.

[ah done-dey bah?] = Where are you going? (said "to where are you going")

[ah done-dey bah oosted?] = Where are you going? (actually saying "to where are you going, you?"

gusta = [goose-stah] = like

me gusta = [may-goosta] = I like

[no may-goosta] = I dont like

le gusta? = [lay-goosta?] = do you like? (from lesson 11)

te gusta? = [tay-goosta?] = dont you like? (from lesson 30)

agua = [ah-gwah] = water

frío = [f'dee-oh] = cold

¿por qué? = [poor-kay?] = why? (has more of the d sounding r)

porque = [por-kay] = because (the r has that d sound but only a little)

(they both sound the same but the way you say it is how it is understood.)

de nada = youre welcome (actually means "its nothing")

Prepping and recapping

Lesson 11

Do you want to drink something Mr Smith?

Yes. Do you have beer please?

Yes, I have. Do you want 1?

Is it cold?

No, its not cold.

If its not cold, I dont like (it). Do you have something cold?

Water sir, I have very cold water.

Good. Im going to drink water, thank you maam.

[lay-goostah] = do you like? you like

[may-goostah] = I like (from lesson 10)

comprar = [cum-plahr] = buy, to buy (hard to say)

compro = [cum-plo] = I buy, I am buying, etc

compra [cum-p'lah] = you buy

cosas = [coe-suss] = things (plural)

cosa = [coe-sah] = thing (singular) from lesson 19

puedo = [pway-doe] = can, I can

puede = [pway-day] = can, you can, can you, etc

podemos = [poe-day-mose] = we can (from lesson 17)

si = [C] = if

hay = [I] = there, there are, there is, is there? are there? etc..

Lesson 12

Do you like coffee Louisa?

Yes Juan, It is very good. And I pay for the coffees Juan.

No, no. You cannot pay, I pay.

Please, I like to pay.

Good. if you like to pay, you can pay, and much thanks.

Your welcome Juan.

But tomorrow, I pay.

mañana = [mon-yana] = tomorrow

hora = [oda] = hour, time (used when refering to actual time/watch/clock)

Ah-las quatro = At 4 o'clock

Ah-las sink-o = At 5 o'clock

media = [med-ia] = half (also used for 30 minutes past the hour)

[ah-las dos med-ia] = its 2:30

hoy = [oi] = today

Lesson 13

Hello Maria. How are you?

Hello Carlos. Im very fine. And you?

Fine, fine. I want to eat. You? Can you eat today at 2 o clock?

Today at 2 o clock? No, I cant.

At what hour do/would you like to eat? At what hour can you?

Well, At 3 o clock, if you can.

Well, at 3 o clock i only have 15 minutes. But I can eat in 14 minutes.

Not me, if I have no time, I cant eat.

Good. And tomorrow? Tomorrow at 2:30?

Yes. Tomorrow. Thats OK. Tomorrow I can.

la & el = it (it is same as THE, you say whatever the subject is. Fem or Masc, even when ending a sentence)

[boy-uh bay-vel-la] = Im going to drink it. (when holding a glass of "WATER", a fem word)

cuarto = [quar-toe] = quarter

ahora = [ah-oda] = now

las = them

[pway-day pah-gah-las] = you can pay for them.

cuestan = [ques-tun] = cost plural, as in "they cost")

cuesta = [quay-stah] = cost (singular, as in "it costs") from lesson 8

menos = [may-nose] = minus (nose rhymes with dose = may-no-ss)

pocos = [poe-cuss] - few (plural)

poco = little (singular used in "a little") from lesson 1

come = [coe-me] = you eat

Prepping and recapping

Lesson 14

I want to eat at 12.

Not me, I want to eat at quarter to 11.

At quarter after 11?

No, at quarter to 11.

Ahh, in 17 minutes then.

Yes, in 17 minutes.

Ahh, now then.

Well, yes. You have time now, no?

Yes I have time. But I dont have deniro. My dollars are in the hotel.

Ahh then, lets go to eat something. I will pay. I can pay for it.

Ahh, yes? Thats OK, much thanks.

Youre welcome.

Tomorrow I will pay.

pues = [Pwess] = therefore

también = [tom-be-N] = too, also

son las cinco = [Sone-las sink-o] = it is 5 o' clock.

(actually "they are 5 o' clock" but you say it this way if it is after 1 o'clock pm.)

tarde = [tar'day] = late

más tarde = [mas-tar'day] = later (actually "more later")

temprano = [tem-p'dah-no] = early

Lesson 15

Can you talk this hour? I want to talk a little.

What time is it?

It is quarter to 2.

No, pardon, I cant. Its very late.

There is no time now.

And later? Do you have time later? In 2 hours?

I dont know if I can today.

And tomorrow? Can you talk tomorrow?

Yes thats OK. We are going to talk tomorrow.

At what hour?

I dont know, but I cant talk, its very late. Goodbye.

el = he

la = she

demasiado = [day-mah-see-ah-do] = too much, plenty

¿quién? = [Key-N?] = who?

hacer = [Ah-sed'l] = to do

hágalo - [Ah-sed-lo] = to do it, do it

juntos = [hoon-tos] = together

con = [cone] = with

Lesson 16

Hello Mr. Colone. (Columbus) How are you?

Very well thank you, and you?

Very Well also. Im going to the hotel. I want to drink a beer.

With who are you going? Are you going alone?

No, Im going with Juan. Do you want to drink something also?



Yes, thank you. I like to drink beer. And I like to talk with you.

nosotros = [no-so-t'dose] = we, us

mi = [me] = my

esposo = [es-spow-so] = spouse (husband)

esposa = [es-spow-sah] = spouse (wife)

su = [sue] = your

amiga = [ah-me-gah] = female friend

amigo = [ah-me-go] = male friend

tenemos = [day-nay-mose] = we have

deseamos = [kay-day-mose] = we want

Prepping and recapping

Lesson 17

Hello Miss Dalgo. My friend Carlos and I we want to eat with you.

Ahh, yes? Where? Where are we going to eat?

In the restaurant America. There is beer, very good over there.

Ahh but I dont like beer.

No, no. But there are many things very good there. And we want to talk with you also.

Good, Im going with yous. I want to talk with yous also.

ustedes = [oosted-S] = you(s) (plural - yous, you all, etc)

nuestros = [new-estros] = ours

comemos = [coe-may-mose] = we eat

hablamos = [Ablah-mose] = we speak

somos = [so-mose] = we are, we're

[no-so-t'dose so-mose dey] = we are from

[no so-mose] = we are not, we aren't

podemos = [poe-day-mose] = we can

quizás = [key-sass] = maybe, perhaps (sounds kind of like "kiss ass")

para = [pah-dah] = for, in order to

sabemos = [sah-vey-mose] = we dont know

Prepping and recapping

Lesson 18

Good afternoon. I want to buy something for my wife. We are North Americans. I want to buy something from Chile.

What, what do you like?

I dont know. Something good.

How much do you want to pay?

Well, not too much.

We have something very good. Over here it is. It costs 890 pesos. Do you like?

I dont know, perhaps. Ahh, its here it is my wife. Im going to talk with her.

saber = [sah-vell] = to know. (I want to know. = key-yay-do sah-vell.)

saberlo = [sah-vello] = to know it. (I want to know it. = key-yay-do sah-vello.)

suficiente = [so-fee-see-en-tay] = enough (actually means sufficient)

van = [bah-n] = they are going (plural leaving, but not you)

somos = [so-mose] = we are, we're (for location, as in "we are Mexican" PERMANENT)

estamos = [esta-mos] = we are (for location, as in "we're in Mexico" "we're in the bar" - VISITING OR NOT PERMANENT)

estoy = [S-toy] = I am (NOT PERMANENT, as in "I am in Mexico for a week", "I am writing a book")

soy = [soyee] = I am (PERMANENT, as in "I am an American, I am Mr. Jones") from lesson 3

listo = [lees-toe] = ready (masc)

lista = [lees-tah] = ready (fem)

Lesson 19

Excuse me, do you speak spanish?

Yes, Im a North American, we are in North America, but I speak Spanish a little.

Ahh very well. Because I dont speak English, can we talk a little? Do you have time now?

Yes I have 30 minutes. Is that enough?

Yes, yes, much thanks.

Youre welcome sir, I like to speak Spanish.

más = more

número = [New-mon-oh] = number (masc, so el número)

cosa = [coe-sah] = thing (singular)

cosas = [coe-suss] = things (plural) from lesson 11

todos = [toe-dose] = all, everybody, etc... (we are all = todos)

cuando? = [quan-doe] = when?

semana = [say-mah-nah] = week

mes = [mace] = month

Prepping and recapping

Lesson 20

Good afternoon Miss. I am Mr Jones from Philadelphia.

Glad to meet you Mr Jones. I am Mrs Rodriguez from Buenos Idis.

Glad to meet you Mrs Rodriguez. How are you?

Very well sir, but I cant talk more with you.

Why not?

Because Im going away from here.

Your leaving here? when?

Now. I am ready to leave.

Good, goodbye.

Goodbye.

nos vamos = [no-ss bah-mos] = we are going/leaving

verdad = [bel'l-dot] = right, true, correct

se van = [say-vah] = they are going

[es-stada-kee] = to be here

[es-stada-yee] = to be there

él va a estar allí dos meses = [el bahss-stada-yee dose maces] = Hes going to be there 2 months.

despacio = [des-spah-cio] = slowly

rápido = [r'r'rah-pee-doe] = fast, quick, quickly, etc

persona = [pel'l-soe-nah] = person

esta persona = [estah pel'l-soe-nah] = THIS person

este hombre = [estae ohm-b'day] = THIS man

esta mujer = [estah moo-jeer] = THIS woman

(the a and e at the end of esta/este depends on the subject being fem or masc. The word "person" is feminine no matter what sex is the subject)

que = [kay] = than (the same as "what" from lesson 7 but not said in a question tone)

dígame = [dee-gah-me] = tell me

de = [dey] = of (same as "from" from lesson 3)

de qué habla?= [dey kay ablah?] = What does he talk about?

(said "Of what does he/she talk/speak?")

Prepping and recapping

Lesson 21

My husband and I (we) are North Americans. But my husband is not in North America. Hes not here now (no hes not here now).

Why? Where is your husband?

Hes in Bolivia.

And you? You didnt want to be with him? (to be = esta)

Yes, and Im going tomorrow. Im going to be with him tomorrow. Tomorrow at 8 o'clock at night.

Ahh, very well. In very little time.

Yes, but Im not ready. Im going now to do more things.

Good, goodbye.

Goodbye.

enfermo = [in-fair'-mo] = ill, sick (masc)

enfermo = [in-fair'-mah] = ill, sick (fem)

leche = [leh-chee] = milk

déme = [dey-mey] = give me

vaso = [bah-so] = glass

grande = [g'dan-day] = big

pequeño = [pey-cane-yo] = small

ese [eh-see] = THAT (MASC a short distance away, closer you say ESTE)

esa [eh-sah] = THAT (for anything FEM a short distance away, closer you say ESTA)

*These words are a continuation from lessons 18-20 on one of the most confusing things in the Spanish language. The various forms of the verbs estar and ser, which both mean "to be".

mujer = [moo-hair'l] = woman (hard one, its like [moo-hair] but a slight accent and silencing on the "r")

son = [sone] = they are

en, an = are added to the end of words when using "they" before it.

Examples with words already learned:

entienden = They understand

cuestan = they cost

hablan = they speak

*RECAP ON VERB AND OTHER TINY SUBJECT IDENTIFIERS*

Remembering words is pretty simple in Spanish. Remembering where to place these darn verbs and other small inbetween words is a pain in my royal ass! LOL. Memorizing them is the only way. Below is shown when you use which words, but ummm not always. Youll just have to hear them all over and over before you are comfortable with them.

la = the (feminine)

el = the (masculine)

las = the (feminine plural)

los = the (masculine plural)

son = THEY are

somos = WE ARE (PERMANENT)

estamos = WE ARE (NOT PERMANENT)

soy = I am (PERMANENT)

estoy = I am (NOT PERMANENT)

este hombre = THIS man (NEAR)

esta mujer = THIS woman (NEAR)

ese = THAT (MASC - NOT CLOSE BY)

esa = THAT (FEM - NOT CLOSE BY)

de = of

las = Them

Lesson 22

These woman are my friends. They are here to eat. (to be here for eat.)

And you miss? Are you going to eat also?

No, I cant. Im not going to eat. I am going now.

Very well miss. Im going to ask them, your friends what they want to eat.

But the misses dont understand Spanish. They are North American. They only speak English.

Good, I speak English a little, I understand English very well.

Ahh, thats fine. Very well. Much thanks sir.

Youre welcome maam, youre welcome.

pregunte las = [p'dey-goon-tae] = ask them

(actually means "question them")

pregunte = [p'dey-goon-tae] = ask (actually means "question")

creo = [k'dey-oh] = I believe

creo que sí = [k'dey-oh kuh-see] = I believe so.

cuál? = [quall] = which?

necesito = [nesses-seat-ah] = I need

necesita = [nesses-seat-ah] = you need

médico = [med-E-coe] = doctor (actually saying "medical")

conozco = [coe-no-ss-coe] = I know (as in "Im aquainted with")

conoce = [coe-no-say] = you know, do you know.

lo = him

teléfono = [te-le-foe-no] = telephone

escriba = [es-c'lee-bah] = write/s

escribirlo = [es-c'lee-bah-lo] = write it, write it down

Lesson 23

Good evening sir.

Good evening miss.

Excuse me sir but you are Mexican, right?

Yes Im from Mexico.

Good. Tell me, do you know that woman and that man?

I dont know, where are they?

Over there, them 2 people over there.

Ahh, those people in the bar?. No, I dont know them. Why?

Because I believe they are Mexicans also.

Ahh, I understand.

cree = [k'dey] = you believe

recuerdo = [ah-quair-doe] = I remember

recuerda = [ah-quair-dah] = you remember, do you remember, etc

vive = [bee-bee] = you live, he/she lives, etc..

vivo = [bee-boe] = I live

dirección = [di-dex-see-own] = address, direction (fem word, so its said la dirección)

lejos = [leh-hoe-ss] = far



cerca = [ced'l-ka] = close, near

calle = [kie-yee] = street

llamo = my name (actually means call)

llama = [yah-muh] = your name (actually means call)

¿Cómo se llama el/la? = How does he/she call him/herself?

This is how to ask "Whats your name?"

Lesson 24

Jorge give me a large glass of milk please.

Are you sick Martha?

No Im not sick. Why do you believe Im sick?

Because you want to drink milk. I only drink milk when Im sick.

Ahh, you dont like milk Jorge?

No I dont like milk.

por aquí = [por-dah-kee] = this way, through here

por allí = [por-dah-yee] = that way, through there

síga = [see-gah] = go on, continue (actually means follow)

sígamos = [see-gah-moe-ss] = lets continue

derecho = [dey-de-choe] = straight

entonces = [en-tone-say-ss] = then

izquierda = [E-scare-dah] = left (directional left) hard one

derecha = [dah-dey-chah] = right (directional right)

siempre = [see-M-p'dey] = always

Lesson 25

Excuse me Mrs Boticoss(??) Do you know a doctor?

Yes I know a doctor. Who is sick?

My wife is a little sick. Is he a good doctor? (that doctor, is he good?)

Yes, yes hes doctor Rodriguez, hes a very good doctor. And he lives very close to here.

Ahh, true? How do I go there?

Go on this way straight, and then to the left. Remember? I can write down the address.

Yes write it down please.

And the telephone number? Do you need the telephone number?

Yes, yes. Write it down also please.

Here it is. The directions and the phone number.

Much thanks maam.

Youre welcome sir.

avenida = [ah-vah-need-uh] = avenue

verlo = [bel'lo] = see him

verla = [bel'lah] = see her

verlos = [bell-los] = see them

véale = [bell-leh] = see you

ir = [ear-r] = to go

importa = [im-por-tah] = it matters

no importa = [no im-por-tah] = nevermind, doesnt matter, not important

padre = [pah-d'dey] = father

estudio = [es-too-dee-oh] or [S-2-D-O] = I study

estudia = [es-too-dee-uh] or [S-2-D-uh] = you study

esta palabra = [es-tah pah-lah-b'da] = this word

decir = [de-seed'r] = say (used for the word "mean" as in the word means.....)

aprender [ah-p'den-ded] = to learn

aprende [ah-p'den-dey] = you learn

Español = [S-span-yole] = Spanish (masc word = el Español)

ver [ved'l] = see (not really exlained)

Vamos a ver a su amigo. = We're going to see your friend.

Lesson 26

I want to see Pedro. I want to go now. But I dont remember the address.

Not important, I know it and I want to go with you. I know Pedro very well.

Thats fine. But can we to go now? Are you ready?

No Im not ready. We cant to go later?

No, I cant. I study Spanish at 4 o'clock and the hour is 3 o'clock.

Ahh, but then there is no time. If I remember, lets go tomorrow.

Good, I want to go today. But if I cant then tomorrow thats ok. But very early true?

Oh yes, yes we'll go very early tomorrow.

como se llama? = Is how to ask "Whats your name?" NOT "Que sue nombre?"

You are actually asking, "how are you called?".

venir = [ben-ear] = come

que venir = [K-ben-ear] = to come

conmigo [cone-mee-go] = come with me

véalo = [vell-low] = see him

Quiero decir = I want to say = Is used for, I mean, I meant, I mean to say, etc etc

venga = [bengah] = come

casa = [cah-sah] = house

He visto = [A-beast-oh] = I've seen

Ha visto = [Ah-beast-oh] = you've seen,

hemos visto [E-moe-ss-beast-oh] = we've seen

ayer = [ah-yed] = yesterday

veces = [bay-sess] = times (as in "I saw him many times.")

vez = [bess] = time (as in "I saw him only one time."]

otra = [oh-t'dah] = another

otra vez = another time, also means "again".

película = [pel-E-quill-ah] = movie, film

Prepping and recapping

Lesson 27

Lets go Marta? Are you ready?

But to where are we going Louis?

To my house. Lets go to see my father.

Now or later?

Now, now. Later I cant.

But now? I dont know. I want to do another thing.

Yes, yes come with me. I dont want to go alone.

But, why are we going to see your father?

Because hes sick.

Ahh, true?

Yes, you havent seen him in a long time.

(yes, no youve seen in much time)

Yes its true. I havent seen him in a long time. Good, Lets go.

(yes its true. no Ive seen in much time)

con él = [coe-nell] = with him

hablado = [ab-lah-doe] = spoken

por = [poor] = by, via, for

dicho = [dee-choe] = told

ya = [yah] = already

cine = [scene-eh] = cinema, or "the movies"

excelente = [X-cell-en-tey] = excellent

Lesson 28

Hello Juan. I havent seen you in a long time. Where are you going?

To see a movie. Its called "Yesterday, Today And Always".

Ahh, yes? I dont know it. Is the movie North American?

Yes, I was told very it is good. Do you want to come with me?

Yes, Thanks.

Good. Its in the Cinema Boliva. Lets go.

madre = [mah-d'dey] = mother, also pronounced [muh-mah]

verlos = [bell-los] = see them

profesor = [p'doe-fess-oar] = teacher, professor

le dicho = [lay-ah-dee-choe] = he's told him

(actually means "said to him")

eso = [S-O] = THAT

todavía = [toe-dah-V-ah] = still, yet

hemos = [A-mose] = we have

ustedes = [ooh-sted-S] = you - plural (from lesson 17)

comido = [coe-me-doe] = eaten

bebido = [beh-V-doe] = drunk

Tengo que ir = I have to go.

Tengo que = I have to.

interesante = [in-tah-dey-san-tay] = interesting

espera = [es-speh-dey] = wait

estado = [es-tah-doe] = Ive been, have you been

(means "state")

Prepping and recapping

Lesson 29

Hello Louisa.

Hello Yohn. I was told that you have been to Equador.

Yes its true. Ive been there for a month. (por = for. see lesson 27)

Really? Interesting. Do you speak alot of Spanish?

Oh yes, I speak alot of Spanish. And I want another time to go speak more.

Ahh, and can you another time?

Well, I dont know. I believe so. I know a person that is going to help.

Is the person living in Equador?

Yes, the guy is very good. And Im living with him. I believe I can help you. I have to write it.

Then, write it down now. Today. Do you have the directions?

Yes, yes. Im going to see a movie and then Im going to write it.

ayuda = [ah-you-dah] = help

escríbale = [es-c'di-beil-eh] = write to him

decirle = [de-seed-leh] = tell you

irme = [ear'r-me] = leave (when saying "I have to leave")

(actually means "to go, me" and "to go to me")

se va? = You're leaving?

nuestra = [new-S-t'dah] = ours (not really explained)

momento = [moe-men-toe] = moment (not really explained)

[oon moe-men-tee-toe] = just a moment

cuadras = [quah-d'dus] = blocks (as in "city blocks")

(mentioned in previous lesson but not explained)

que tal? = [K-tahl] = How are things? (actually means "that so?")

hasta luego = [ah-sta lou-wey-go] = see you later, so long

(actually means "until then")

Lesson 30

You(s) have been to Uraguay?

Yes sir, Ive been there.

With who?

With my mother and my friend Anna.

In Monte Vedayo? <--a city

Yes, in Monte Vedayo and in Poonta Delasey. <--another city

And who did you(s) see there?

Many interesting things. And we saw many friends. My mother lives in Monte Vedayo and knows many people.

Are you going (yous) another time?

Yes, in three months. I like Uraguay alot.

tu = [tooo] = you (formal, extend the o's just a little)

(used for good friends and family)

contigo = [cone-tee-go] = with you

ayuda = [ah-you-dah] = help

ayudarme = [ah-you-dar'l-me] = help me

ayúdele = [ah-you-dee-lee] = help you

de acuerdo = [dey-ah-quair-doe] = agreed

teatro = [thee-ah-t'doe] = theater

gente = [hen-tay] = people

te gusta = [tay-goosta] = dont you like?

cómo no = [coe-moe-no] = certainly, sure

Prefiero = [p'de-fee-i-doh] = I prefer

prefiere = [p'de-fee-i-dey] = you prefer

preferimos = [p'de-fe-de-moe-ss] = we prefer

alguien = [ahl-geey-en] = somebody, someone

(use "g" sound from the word "geek")

mucho gusto = [moo-choe oosto] = much pleasure

(introduced in a earlier lesson)

bravo = [b'dah-vo!] = Well done, Good Job!











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